Paul professeth an unfeigned sorrow for the Jewish nation: but proveth by instances from scripture that the promise of Abraham did not necessarily include all his descendants: asserting that there is no unrighteousness in God's bestowing his unmerited bounty on whom he pleaseth: and that he was unquestionably free to suspend his judgments, where deserved, either for the more signal display of his power in taking vengeance on some, or of his mercy in calling others to glory. The calling of the Gentiles, and rejection of the Jews, foretold. Accordingly the Gentiles have attained the righteousness of faith, which the Jews refused. The cause of such refusal.
1 I aSAY the truth in Christ, I lie not, bmy conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy *Ghost,
2 cThat I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart.
3 dFor I could wish that myself were 1accursed from Christ for emy brethren, my kinsmen faccording to the flesh:
4 gWho are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and hthe glory, and ithe 2covenants, and jthe giving of the law, and kthe service of God, and lthe promises;
- g: Ex. 4:22 , De. 7:6 , De. 10:15 , De. 14:1 , Je. 31:9 , Je. 31:19
- h: 1Sa. 4:21 , Ps. 78:61 , Ps. 90:16 , Is. 60:19 , 1Ki. 8:10 , Eze. 7:20 , Ps. 63:4 , Ps. 76:1 , Ps. 76:2 , Nu. 7:89
- i: Ge. 15:8 , Ge. 17:2 , Ge. 17:7 , Ge. 17:10 , Ex. 34:27 , Ex. 24:7 , Ex. 24:8 , De. 29:14 , Je. 31:33 , Lu. 1:72
- 2: Or, testaments.
- j: Ro. 3:2 , Ps. 147:19 , Exodus 12 , Deuteronomy 27 , Hebrews 7 - 10
- k: He. 9:1 , He. 9:6
- l: Je. 31:22 , Je. 31:31 - 34 , Le. 26:1 - 13 , Le. 26:40 - 46 , De. 28:1 - 14 , Deuteronomy 30 , Ex. 23:2 , Ex. 23:23 - 33 , Ac. 3:25 , Ac. 13:32 , Ep. 2:12
5 mWhose are the fathers, and nof whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, owho is over all, pGod qblessed for ever. Amen.
6 rNot as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For sthey are not all Israel, which are of Israel:
7 tNeither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children: but, uIn Isaac shall thy seed be called.
8 That is, vThey which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed.
9 For this is the word of promise, wAt this time will I come, and Sara shall have a son.
10 And not only this; but xwhen Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac;
11 (For ythe children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;)
12 It was said unto her, zThe 3elder shall serve the 4younger.
13 As it is written, aJacob have I loved, but Esau have I bhated.
14 cWhat shall we say then? dIs there unrighteousness with God? God forbid.
15 For he saith to Moses, eI will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.
16 fSo then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy.
17 For gthe scripture saith unto Pharaoh, hEven for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth.
18 iTherefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he jhardeneth.
19 Thou wilt say then unto me, kWhy doth he yet find fault? For who hath resisted his will?
20 Nay but, lO man, mwho art thou that 5repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me thus?
21 Hath not the npotter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour?
22 oWhat if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the pvessels of wrath 6fitted to destruction:
23 qAnd that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had *afore prepared unto glory,
24 rEven us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?
25 As he saith also in Osee, sI will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved.
26 tAnd it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God.
27 Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, uThough the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved:
28 vFor he will finish 7the work, and cut it short in righteousness: because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth.
29 And as Esaias said before, wExcept the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha.
30 What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which xfollowed not after righteousness, yhave attained to righteousness, zeven the righteousness which is of faith.
31 But Israel, which afollowed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness.
32 Wherefore? bBecause they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they cstumbled at that stumblingstone;
33 As it is written, dBehold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and ewhosoever believeth on him shall not be 8ashamed.