Savoy Declaration of Faith

First published in 1658

1. Of the Holy Scripture

Article 1

Although the light of nature, and the works of creation and providence, do so far manifest the goodness, wisdom, and power of God, as to leave men inexcusable;a yet are they not sufficient to give that knowledge of God, and of his will, which is necessary unto salvation;b therefore it pleased the Lord, at sundry times, and in divers manners, to reveal himself, and to declare that his will unto his Church;c and afterwards, for the better preserving and propagating of the truth, and for the more sure establishment and comfort of the Church against the corruption of the flesh, and the malice of Satan and of the world, to commit the same wholly unto writing;d which maketh the holy Scripture to be most necessary;e those former ways of God’s revealing his will unto his people being now ceased.f

  • a: Psalm 19:1–3 , Romans 1:19–20 , Romans 1:32 , Romans 2:1 , Romans 2:14–15
  • b: 1 Corinthians 1:21 , 1 Corinthians 2:13–14
  • c: Hebrews 1:1
  • d: Proverbs 22:19–21 , Isaiah 8:19–20 , Matthew 4:4 , Matthew 4:7 , Matthew 4:10 , Luke 1:3–4 , Romans 15:4
  • e: 2 Timothy 3:15 , 2 Peter 1:19
  • f: Hebrews 1:1–2

Link

Article 2

Under the name of holy Scripture, or the Word of God written, are now contained all the books of the Old and New Testaments, which are these: Of the Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 Samuel, 2 Samuel, 1 Kings, 2 Kings, 1 Chronicles, 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, The Song of Songs, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi; Of the New Testament: The Gospels according to Matthew, Mark, Luke, John. The Acts of the Apostles, Paul’s Epistles to the Romans, 1 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1 Thessalonians, 2 Thessalonians, 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, The Epistle to the Hebrews, The Epistle of James, The First and Second Epistles of Peter, The First, Second, and Third Epistles of John, The Epistle of Jude, The Revelation. All which are given by inspiration of God, to be the rule of faith and life.a

  • a: Luke 16:29 , Luke 16:31 , Ephesians 2:20 , 2 Timothy 3:16 , Revelation 22:18–19

Link

Article 3

The books commonly called Apocrypha, not being of divine inspiration, are no part of the Canon of the Scripture; and therefore are of no authority in the Church of God, nor to be any otherwise approved, or made use of, than other human writings.a

  • a: Luke 24:27 , Luke 24:44 , Romans 3:2 , 2 Peter 1:21

Link

Article 4

The authority of the holy Scripture, for which it ought to be believed and obeyed, dependeth not upon the testimony of any man or church, but wholly upon God (who is truth itself), the Author thereof; and therefore it is to be received, because it is the Word of God.a

  • a: 1 Thessalonians 2:13 , 2 Timothy 3:16 , 2 Peter 1:19 , 2 Peter 1:21 , 1 John 5:9

Link

Article 5

We may be moved and induced by the testimony of the Church to an high and reverent esteem of the holy Scripture;a and the heavenliness of the matter, the efficacy of the doctrine, the majesty of the style, the consent of all the parts, the scope of the whole (which is to give all glory to God), the full discovery it makes of the only way of man’s salvation, the many other incomparable excellencies, and the entire perfection thereof, are arguments whereby it doth abundantly evidence itself to be the Word of God; yet, notwithstanding, our full persuasion and assurance of the infallible truth, and divine authority thereof, is from the inward work of the Holy Spirit, bearing witness by and with the Word in our hearts.b

  • a: 1 Timothy 3:15
  • b: Isaiah 59:21 , John 16:13–14 , 1 Corinthians 2:10–12 , 1 John 2:20 , 1 John 2:27

Link

Article 6

The whole counsel of God, concerning all things necessary for his own glory, man’s salvation, faith, and life, is either expressly set down in Scripture, or by good and necessary consequence may be deduced from Scripture: unto which nothing at any time is to be added, whether by new revelations of the Spirit, or traditions of men.a Nevertheless we acknowledge the inward illumination of the Spirit of God to be necessary for the saving understanding of such things as are revealed in the Word;b and that there are some circumstances concerning the worship of God, and government of the Church, common to human actions and societies, which are to be ordered by the light of nature and Christian prudence, according to the general rules of the Word, which are always to be observed.c

  • a: Galatians 1:8–9 , 2 Thessalonians 2:2 , 2 Timothy 3:15–17
  • b: John 6:45 , 1 Corinthians 2:9–12
  • c: 1 Corinthians 11:13–14 , 1 Corinthians 14:26 , 1 Corinthians 14:40

Link

Article 7

All things in Scripture are not alike plain in themselves, nor alike clear unto all;a yet those things which are necessary to be known, believed, and observed, for salvation, are so clearly propounded and opened in some place of Scripture or other, that not only the learned, but the unlearned, in a due use of the ordinary means, may attain unto a sufficient understanding of them.b

  • a: 2 Peter 3:16
  • b: Psalm 119:105 , Psalm 119:130

Link

Article 8

The Old Testament in Hebrew (which was the native language of the people of God of old), and the New Testament in Greek (which at the time of the writing of it was most generally known to the nations), being immediately inspired by God, and by his singular care and providence kept pure in all ages, are therefore authentical;a so as in all controversies of religion the Church is finally to appeal unto them.b But because these original tongues are not known to all the people of God who have right unto, and interest in the Scriptures, and are commanded, in the fear of God, to read and search them,c therefore they are to be translated into the vulgar language of every nation unto which they come,d that the Word of God dwelling plentifully in all, they may worship him in an acceptable manner,e and, through patience and comfort of the Scriptures, may have hope.f

  • a: Matthew 5:18
  • b: Isaiah 8:20 , John 5:39 , John 5:46 , Acts 15:15
  • c: John 5:39
  • d: 1 Corinthians 14:6 , 1 Corinthians 14:9 , 1 Corinthians 14:11–12 , 1 Corinthians 14:24 , 1 Corinthians 14:27–28
  • e: Colossians 3:16
  • f: Romans 15:4

Link

Article 9

The infallible rule of interpretation of Scripture is the Scripture itself; and therefore, when there is a question about the true and full sense of any scripture (which is not manifold, but one), it must be searched and known by other places that speak more clearly.a

  • a: Acts 15:15 , 2 Peter 1:20–21

Link

Article 10

The Supreme Judge, by which all controversies of religion are to be determined, and all decrees of councils, opinions of ancient writers, doctrines of men, and private spirits, are to be examined, and in whose sentence we are to rest, can be no other but the holy Scripture delivered by the Spirit; into which Scripture so delivered, our faith is finally resolved.a

  • a: Matthew 22:29 , Matthew 22:31 , Ephesians 2:20 , Acts 28:25

Link

2. Of God, and of the Holy Trinity

Article 1

There is but one onlya living and true God,b who is infinite in being and perfection,c a most pure spirit,d invisible,e without body, parts,f or passions,g immutable,h immense,i eternal,k incomprehensible,l almighty,m most wise,n most holy,o most free,p most absolute,q working all things according to the counsel of his own immutable and most righteous will,r for his own glory;s most loving,t gracious, merciful, long-suffering, abundant in goodness and truth, forgiving iniquity, transgression, and sin;u the rewarder of them that diligently seek him;w and withal most just and terrible in his judgments;x hating all sin,y and who will by no means clear the guilty.z

  • a: Deuteronomy 6:4 , 1 Corinthians 8:4 , 1 Corinthians 8:6
  • b: Jeremiah 10:10 , 1 Thessalonians 1:9
  • c: Job 11:7–9 , Job 26:14
  • d: John 4:24
  • e: 1 Timothy 1:17
  • f: Deuteronomy 4:15–16 , John 4:24 , Luke 24:39
  • g: Acts 14:11 , Acts 14:15
  • h: Malachi 3:6 , James 1:17
  • i: 1 Kings 8:27 , Jeremiah 23:23–24
  • k: Psalm 90:2 , 1 Timothy 1:17
  • l: Psalm 145:3
  • m: Genesis 17:1 , Revelation 4:8
  • n: Romans 16:27
  • o: Isaiah 6:3 , Revelation 4:8
  • p: Psalm 115:3
  • q: Exodus 3:14
  • r: Ephesians 1:11
  • s: Proverbs 16:4 , Romans 11:36
  • t: 1 John 4:8 , 1 John 4:16
  • u: Exodus 34:6–7
  • w: Hebrews 11:6
  • x: Nehemiah 9:32–33
  • y: Psalm 5:5–6
  • z: Exodus 34:7 , Nahum 1:2–3

Link

Article 2

God hath all life,a glory,b goodness,c blessedness,d in and of himself; and is alone in and unto himself all-sufficient, not standing in need of any creatures which he hath made,e nor deriving any glory from them,f but only manifesting his own glory in, by, unto, and upon them: he is the alone fountain of all being, of whom, through whom, and to whom are all things;g and hath most sovereign dominion over them, to do by them, for them, or upon them whatsoever himself pleaseth.h In his sight all things are open and manifest;i his knowledge is infinite, infallible, and independent upon the creature;k so as nothing is to him contingent or uncertain.l He is most holy in all his counsels, in all his works, and in all his commands.m To him is due from angels and men, and every other creature, whatsoever worship, service, or obedience, as creatures, they owe unto the Creator, and whatever he is further pleased to require of them.n

  • a: John 5:26
  • b: Acts 7:2
  • c: Psalm 119:68
  • d: Romans 9:5 , 1 Timothy 6:15
  • e: Acts 17:24–25
  • f: Job 22:2–3
  • g: Romans 11:36
  • h: Daniel 4:25 , Daniel 4:35 , 1 Timothy 6:15 , Revelation 4:11
  • i: Hebrews 4:13
  • k: Psalm 147:5 , Romans 11:33–34
  • l: Ezekiel 11:5 , Acts 15:18
  • m: Psalm 145:17 , Romans 7:12
  • n: Revelation 5:12–14

Link

Article 3

In the unity of the Godhead there be three persons, of one substance, power, and eternity: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost.a The Father is of none, neither begotten nor proceeding; the Son is eternally begotten of the Father;b the Holy Ghost eternally proceeding from the Father and the Son.c Which doctrine of the Trinity is the foundation of all our communion with God, and comfortable dependence upon him.

  • a: Matthew 3:16–17 , Matthew 28:19 , 2 Corinthians 13:14 , 1 John 5:7
  • b: John 1:14 , John 1:18
  • c: John 15:26 , Galatians 4:6

Link

3. Of God's Eternal Decree

Article 1

God from all eternity did, by the most wise and holy counsel of his own will, freely and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes to pass;a yet so as thereby neither is God the author of sin,b nor is violence offered to the will of the creatures, nor is the liberty or contingency of second causes taken away, but rather established.c

  • a: Romans 9:15 , Romans 9:18 , Romans 11:33 , Ephesians 1:11 , Hebrews 6:17
  • b: James 1:13 , James 1:17 , 1 John 1:5
  • c: Proverbs 16:33 , Matthew 17:12 , John 19:11 , Acts 2:23 , Acts 4:27–28

Link

Article 2

Although God knows whatsoever may or can come to pass upon all supposed conditions,a yet hath he not decreed anything because he foresaw it as future, or as that which would come to pass upon such conditions.b

  • a: 1 Samuel 23:11–12 , Matthew 11:21 , Matthew 11:23 , Acts 15:18
  • b: Romans 9:11 , Romans 9:13 , Romans 9:16 , Romans 9:18

Link

Article 3

By the decree of God, for the manifestation of his glory, some men and angelsa are predestinated unto everlasting life, and others fore-ordained to everlasting death.b

  • a: Matthew 25:41 , 1 Timothy 5:21
  • b: Proverbs 16:4 , Romans 9:22–23 , Ephesians 1:5–6

Link

Article 4

These angels and men, thus predestinated and fore-ordained, are particularly and unchangeably designed; and their number is so certain and definite that it can not be either increased or diminished.a

  • a: John 13:18 , 2 Timothy 2:19

Link

Article 5

Those of mankind that are predestinated unto life, God, before the foundation of the world was laid, according to his eternal and immutable purpose, and the secret counsel and good pleasure of his will, hath chosen in Christ, unto everlasting glory,a out of his mere free grace and love, without any foresight of faith or good works, or perseverance in either of them, or any other thing in the creature, as conditions, or causes moving him thereunto;b and all to the praise of his glorious grace.c

  • a: Romans 8:30 , Ephesians 1:4 , Ephesians 1:9 , Ephesians 1:11 , 1 Thessalonians 5:9 , 2 Timothy 1:9
  • b: Romans 9:11 , Romans 9:13 , Romans 9:16 , Ephesians 1:4 , Ephesians 1:9
  • c: Ephesians 1:6 , Ephesians 1:12

Link

Article 6

As God hath appointed the elect unto glory, so hath he, by the eternal and most free purpose of his will, fore-ordained all the means thereunto.a Wherefore they who are elected, being fallen in Adam, are redeemed by Christ,b are effectually called unto faith in Christ by his Spirit working in due season; are justified, adopted, sanctified,c and kept by his power through faith unto salvation.d Neither are any other redeemed by Christ, effectually called, justified, adopted, sanctified, and saved, but the elect only.e

  • a: Ephesians 1:4–5 , Ephesians 2:10 , 2 Thessalonians 2:13 , 1 Peter 1:2
  • b: 1 Thessalonians 5:9–10 , Titus 2:14
  • c: Romans 8:30 , Ephesians 1:5 , 2 Thessalonians 2:13
  • d: 1 Peter 1:5
  • e: John 6:64–65 , John 8:47 , John 10:26 , John 17:9 , Romans 8:28–39 , 1 John 2:19

Link

Article 7

The rest of mankind God was pleased, according to the unsearchable counsel of his own will, whereby he extendeth or withholdeth mercy as he pleaseth, for the glory of his sovereign power over his creatures, to pass by, and to ordain them to dishonor and wrath for their sin, to the praise of his glorious justice.a

  • a: Matthew 11:25–26 , Romans 9:17–18 , Romans 9:21–22 , 2 Timothy 2:19–20 , 1 Peter 2:8 , Jude 4

Link

Article 8

The doctrine of this high mystery of predestination is to be handled with special prudence and care,a that men attending the will of God revealed in his Word, and yielding obedience thereunto, may, from the certainty of their effectual vocation, be assured of their eternal election.b So shall this doctrine afford matter of praise, reverence, and admiration of God;c and of humility, diligence, and abundant consolation to all that sincerely obey the gospel.d

  • a: Deuteronomy 29:29 , Romans 9:20
  • b: 2 Peter 1:10
  • c: Romans 11:33 , Ephesians 1:6
  • d: Luke 10:20 , Romans 8:33 , Romans 11:5–6 , Romans 11:20 , 2 Peter 1:10

Link

4. Of Creation

Article 1

It pleased God the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost,a for the manifestation of the glory of his eternal power, wisdom, and goodness,b in the beginning, to create or make out of nothing the world, and all things therein, whether visible or invisible, in the space of six days, and all very good.c

  • a: Genesis 1:2 , Job 26:13 , Job 33:4 , John 1:2–3 , Hebrews 1:2
  • b: Psalm 33:5–6 , Psalm 104:24 , Jeremiah 10:12 , Romans 1:20
  • c: Genesis 1 , Acts 17:24 , Colossians 1:16 , Hebrews 11:3

Link

Article 2

After God had made all other creatures, he created man, male and female,a with reasonable and immortal souls,b endued with knowledge, righteousness, and true holiness, after his own image,c having the law of God written in their hearts,d and power to fulfil it;e and yet under a possibility of transgressing, being left to the liberty of their own will, which was subject unto change.f Beside this law written in their hearts, they received a command not to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil;g which while they kept they were happy in their communion with God, and had dominion over the creatures.h

  • a: Genesis 1:27
  • b: Genesis 2:7 , Ecclesiastes 12:7 , Matthew 10:28 , Luke 23:43
  • c: Genesis 1:26 , Ephesians 4:24 , Colossians 3:10
  • d: Romans 2:14–15
  • e: Ecclesiastes 7:29
  • f: Genesis 3:6 , Ecclesiastes 7:29
  • g: Genesis 2:17 , Genesis 3:8–11 , Genesis 3:23
  • h: Genesis 1:26 , Genesis 1:28

Link

5. Of Providence

Article 1

God, the great Creator of all things, doth uphold,a direct, dispose, and govern all creatures, actions, and things,b from the greatest even to the least,c by his most wise and holy providence,d according to his infallible fore-knowledgee and the free and immutable counsel of his own will,f to the praise of the glory of his wisdom, power, justice, goodness, and mercy.g

  • a: Hebrews 1:3
  • b: Psalm 135:6 , Daniel 4:34–35 , Acts 17:25–26 , Acts 17:28 , Job 38—41
  • c: Matthew 10:29–31
  • d: Psalm 104:24 , Psalm 145:17 , Proverbs 15:3
  • e: Psalm 94:8–11 , Acts 15:18
  • f: Psalm 33:10–11 , Ephesians 1:11
  • g: Genesis 45:7 , Psalm 145:7 , Isaiah 63:14 , Romans 9:17 , Ephesians 3:10

Link

Article 2

Although in relation to the foreknowledge and decree of God, the first cause, all things come to pass immutably and infallibly,a yet by the same providence he ordereth them to fall out, according to the nature of second causes, either necessarily, freely, or contingently.b

  • a: Acts 2:23
  • b: Genesis 8:22 , Exodus 21:13 , Deuteronomy 19:5 , 1 Kings 22:28 , 1 Kings 22:34 , Isaiah 10:6–7 , Jeremiah 31:35

Link

Article 3

God, in his ordinary providence, maketh use of means,a yet is free to work without,b above,c and against them,d at his pleasure.

  • a: Isaiah 55:10–11 , Hosea 2:21–22 , Acts 27:31 , Acts 27:44
  • b: Job 34:10 , Hosea 1:7 , Matthew 4:4
  • c: Romans 4:19–21
  • d: 2 Kings 6:6 , Daniel 3:27

Link

Article 4

The almighty power, unsearchable wisdom, and infinite goodness of God so far manifest themselves in his providence, in that his determinate counsel extendeth itself even to the first fall, and all other sins of angels and men,a and that not by a bare permission,b which also he most wisely and powerfully boundeth, and otherwise ordereth and governeth in a manifold dispensation, to his own holy ends;d yet so as the sinfulness thereof proceedeth only from the creature, and not from God; who, being most holy and righteous, neither is nor can be the author or approver of sin.e

  • a: 2 Samuel 16:10 , 2 Samuel 24:1 , 1 Chronicles 21:1 , 1 Kings 22:22–23 , 1 Chronicles 10:4 , 1 Chronicles 10:13–14 , Acts 2:23 , Acts 4:27–28 , Romans 11:32–34
  • b: Acts 14:16
  • c: 2 Kings 19:28 , Psalm 76:10
  • d: Genesis 50:20 , Isaiah 10:6–7 , Isaiah 10:12
  • e: Psalm 50:21 , James 1:13–14 , James 1:17 , 1 John 2:16

Link

Article 5

The most wise, righteous, and gracious God doth oftentimes leave for a season his own children to manifold temptations and the corruption of their own hearts, to chastise them for their former sins, or to discover unto them the hidden strength of corruption and deceitfulness of their hearts, that they be humbled;a and to raise them to a more close and constant dependence for their support unto himself, and to make them more watchful against all future occasions of sin, and for sundry other just and holy ends.b

  • a: 2 Samuel 24:1 , 2 Chronicles 32:25–26 , 2 Chronicles 32:31
  • b: Psalm 73 , Psalm 77:1–10 , Psalm 77:12 , Mark 14:66–72 , John 21:15–17 , 2 Corinthians 12:7–9

Link

Article 6

As for those wicked and ungodly men whom God, as a righteous judge, for former sins, doth blind and harden,a from them he not only withholdeth his grace, whereby they might have been enlightened in their understandings and wrought upon in their hearts,b but sometimes also withdraweth the gifts which they had,c and exposeth them to such objects as their corruption makes occasion of sin;d and withal, gives them over to their own lusts, the temptations of the world, and the power of Satan;e whereby it comes to pass that they harden themselves, even under those means which God useth for the softening of others.f

  • a: Romans 1:24 , Romans 1:26 , Romans 1:28 , Romans 11:7–8
  • b: Deuteronomy 29:4
  • c: Matthew 13:12 , Matthew 25:29
  • d: Deuteronomy 2:30 , 2 Kings 8:12–13
  • e: Psalm 81:11–12 , 2 Thessalonians 2:10–12
  • f: Exodus 7:3 , Exodus 8:15 , Exodus 8:32 , Isaiah 6:9–10 , Acts 28:26–27 , Isaiah 8:14 , 2 Corinthians 2:15–16 , 1 Peter 2:7–8

Link

Article 7

As the providence of God doth, in general, reach to all creatures, so, after a most special manner, it taketh care of his Church, and disposeth all things to the good thereof.a

  • a: Isaiah 43:3–5 , Isaiah 43:14 , Amos 9:8–9 , Romans 8:28 , 1 Timothy 4:10

Link

6. Of the Fall of Man, of Sin, and of the Punishment Thereof

Article 1

God having made a covenant of works and life, thereupon, with our first parents and all their posterity in them, they being seduced by the subtlety and temptation of Satan did wilfully transgress the law of their creation, and break the covenant in eating the forbidden fruit.

    Link

    Article 2

    By this sin they, and we in them, fell from their original righteousness and communion with God,a and so became dead in sin,b and wholly defiled in all the faculties and parts of soul and body.c

    • a: Genesis 3:6–8 , Ecclesiastes 7:29 , Romans 3:23
    • b: Genesis 2:17 , Ephesians 2:1
    • c: Genesis 6:5 , Jeremiah 17:9 , Romans 3:10–19 , Titus 1:15

    Link

    Article 3

    They being the root, and by God’s appointment standing in the room and stead of all mankind, the guilt of this sin was imputed,a and the same death in sin and corrupted nature conveyed to all their posterity descending from them by ordinary generation.b

    • a: Genesis 1:27–28 , Genesis 2:16–17 , Acts 17:26 , Romans 5:12 , Romans 5:15–19 , 1 Corinthians 15:21–22 , 1 Corinthians 15:45 , 1 Corinthians 15:49
    • b: Genesis 5:3 , Job 14:4 , Job 15:14 , Psalm 51:5

    Link

    Article 4

    From this original corruption, whereby we are utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite to all good,a and wholly inclined to all evil,b do proceed all actual transgressions.c

    • a: Romans 5:6 , Romans 7:18 , Romans 8:7 , Colossians 1:21
    • b: Genesis 6:5 , Genesis 8:21 , Romans 3:10–12
    • c: Matthew 15:19 , Ephesians 2:2–3 , James 1:14–15

    Link

    Article 5

    This corruption of nature, during this life, doth remain in those that are regenerated;a and although it be through Christ pardoned and mortified, yet both itself and all the motions thereof are truly and properly sin.b

    • a: Proverbs 20:9 , Ecclesiastes 7:20 , Romans 7:14 , Romans 7:17–18 , Romans 7:23 , James 3:2 , 1 John 1:8 , 1 John 1:10
    • b: Romans 7:5 , Romans 7:7–8 , Romans 7:25 , Galatians 5:17

    Link

    Article 6

    Every sin, both original and actual, being a transgression of the righteous law of God, and contrary thereunto,a doth, in its own nature, bring guilt upon the sinner,b whereby he is bound over to the wrath of Godc and curse of the law,d and so made subject to death,e with all miseries spiritual,f temporal,g and eternal.h

    • a: 1 John 3:4
    • b: Romans 2:15 , Romans 3:9 , Romans 3:19
    • c: Ephesians 2:3
    • d: Galatians 3:10
    • e: Romans 6:23
    • f: Ephesians 4:18
    • g: Lamentations 3:39 , Romans 8:20
    • h: Matthew 25:41 , 2 Thessalonians 1:9

    Link

    7. Of God's Covenant with Man

    Article 1

    The distance between God and the creature is so great that although reasonable creatures do owe obedience unto him as their Creator, yet they could never have attained the reward of life but by some voluntary condescension on God’s part, which he hath been pleased to express by way of covenant.a

    • a: 1 Samuel 2:25 , Job 9:32–33 , Job 22:2–3 , Job 35:7–8 , Psalm 100:2–3 , Psalm 113:5–6 , Isaiah 40:13–17 , Luke 17:10 , Acts 17:24–25

    Link

    Article 2

    The first covenant made with man was a covenant of works,a wherein life was promised to Adam, and in him to his posterity,b upon condition of perfect and personal obedience.c

    • a: Galatians 3:12
    • b: Romans 5:12–20 , Romans 10:5
    • c: Genesis 2:17 , Galatians 3:10

    Link

    Article 3

    Man by his fall having made himself incapable of life by that covenant, the Lord was pleased to make a second,a commonly called the covenant of grace: wherein he freely offered unto sinners life and salvation by Jesus Christ, requiring of them faith in him that they may be saved,b and promising to give unto all those that are ordained unto life his Holy Spirit, to make them willing and able to believe.c

    • a: Genesis 3:15 , Isaiah 42:6 , Romans 3:20–21 , Romans 8:3 , Galatians 3:21
    • b: Mark 16:15–16 , John 3:16 , Romans 10:6 , Romans 10:9 , Galatians 3:11
    • c: Ezekiel 36:26–27 , John 6:44–45

    Link

    Article 4

    This covenant of grace is frequently set forth in the Scripture by the name of a testament, in reference to the death of Jesus Christ the testator, and to the everlasting inheritance, with all things belonging to it, therein bequeathed.a

    • a: Luke 22:20 , 1 Corinthians 11:25 , Hebrews 7:22 , Hebrews 9:15–17

    Link

    Article 5

    Although this covenant hath been differently and variously administered in respect of ordinances and institutions in the time of the law, and since the coming of Christ in the flesh; yet for the substance and efficacy of it, to all its spiritual and saving ends, it is one and the same; upon the account of which various dispensations, it is called the Old and New Testament.

      Link

      8. Of Christ the Mediator

      Article 1

      It pleased God, in his eternal purpose, to choose and ordain the Lord Jesus, his only-begotten Son, according to a covenant made between them both, to be the Mediator between God and man,a the Prophet,b Priest,c and King;d the Head and Saviour of his Church,e the Heir of all things,f and Judge of the world;g unto whom he did, from all eternity, give a people to be his seed,h and to be by him in time redeemed, called, justified, sanctified, and glorified.i

      • a: Isaiah 42:1 , John 3:16 , 2 Timothy 2:5 , 1 Peter 1:19–20
      • b: Acts 3:22
      • c: Hebrews 5:5–6
      • d: Psalm 2:6 , Luke 1:33
      • e: Ephesians 5:23
      • f: Hebrews 1:2
      • g: Acts 17:31
      • h: Psalm 22:30 , Isaiah 53:10 , John 17:6
      • i: Isaiah 55:4–5 , 1 Corinthians 1:30 , 1 Timothy 2:6

      Link

      Article 2

      The Son of God, the second person in the Trinity, being very and eternal God, of one substance, and equal with the Father, did, when the fulness of time was come, take upon him man’s nature,a with all the essential properties and common infirmities thereof, yet without sin:b being conceived by the power of the Holy Ghost in the womb of the Virgin Mary, of her substance.c So that two whole, perfect, and distinct natures, the Godhead and the manhood, were inseparably joined together in one person, without conversion, composition, or confusion.d Which person is very God and very man, yet one Christ, the only mediator between God and man.e

      • a: John 1:1 , John 1:14 , Galatians 4:4 , Philippians 2:6 , 1 John 5:20
      • b: Hebrews 2:14 , Hebrews 2:16–17 , Hebrews 4:15
      • c: Luke 1:27 , Luke 1:31 , Luke 1:35 , Galatians 4:4
      • d: Luke 1:35 , Romans 9:5 , Colossians 2:9 , 1 Timothy 3:16 , 1 Peter 3:18
      • e: Romans 1:3–4 , 1 Timothy 2:5

      Link

      Article 3

      The Lord Jesus, in his human nature thus united to the divine in the Person of the Son, was sanctified and anointed with the Holy Spirit above measure;a having in him all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge,b in whom it pleased the Father that all fulness should dwell;c to the end that, being holy, harmless, undefiled, and full of grace and truth,d he might be thoroughly furnished to execute the office of a mediator and surety.e Which office he took not unto himself, but was thereunto called by his Father,f who put all power and judgment into his hand, and gave him commandment to execute the same.g

      • a: Psalm 45:7 , John 3:34
      • b: Colossians 2:3
      • c: Colossians 1:19
      • d: John 1:14 , Hebrews 7:26
      • e: Acts 10:38 , Hebrews 7:22 , Hebrews 12:24
      • f: Hebrews 5:4–5
      • g: Matthew 28:18 , John 5:22 , John 5:27 , Acts 2:36

      Link

      Article 4

      This office the Lord Jesus did most willingly undertake,a which, that he might discharge, he was made under the law,b and did perfectly fulfill it;c and underwent the punishment due to us, which we should have borne and suffered, being made sin and a curse for us enduring most grievous torments immediately from God in his soul,d and most painful sufferings in his body;e was crucified, and died;f was buried, and remained under the power of death, yet saw no corruption.g On the third day he arose from the dead,h with the same body in which he suffered;i with which also he ascended into heaven, and there sitteth at the right hand of his Father,k making intercession;l and shall return to judge men and angels at the end of the world.m

      • a: Psalm 40:7–8 , Hebrews 10:5–10 , John 10:18 , Philippians 2:8
      • b: Galatians 4:4
      • c: Matthew 3:15 , Matthew 5:17
      • d: Matthew 26:37–38 , Matthew 27:46 , Luke 22:44
      • e: Matthew 26—27
      • f: Philippians 2:8
      • g: Acts 2:23–24 , Acts 2:27 , Acts 13:37 , Romans 6:9
      • h: 1 Corinthians 15:3–4
      • i: John 20:25 , John 20:27
      • k: Mark 16:19
      • l: Romans 8:34 , Hebrews 7:25 , Hebrews 9:24
      • m: Matthew 13:40–42 , Acts 1:11 , Acts 10:42 , Romans 14:9–10 , 2 Peter 2:4 , Jude 6

      Link

      Article 5

      The Lord Jesus, by his perfect obedience and sacrifice of himself, which he through the eternal Spirit once offered up unto God, hath fully satisfied the justice of God,a and purchased not only reconciliation, but an everlasting inheritance in the kingdom of heaven, for all those whom the Father hath given unto him.b

      • a: Romans 3:25–26 , Romans 5:19 , Ephesians 5:2 , Hebrews 9:14 , Hebrews 9:16 , Hebrews 10:14
      • b: Daniel 9:24 , Daniel 9:26 , John 17:2 , Ephesians 1:11 , Ephesians 1:14 , Colossians 1:19–20 , Hebrews 9:12 , Hebrews 9:15

      Link

      Article 6

      Although the work of redemption was not actually wrought by Christ till after his incarnation, yet the virtue, efficacy, and benefits thereof were communicated to the elect, in all ages successively from the beginning of the world, in and by those promises, types, and sacrifices, wherein he was revealed, and signified to be the seed of the woman which should bruise the serpent’s head, and the Lamb slain from the beginning of the world, being yesterday and today the same, and forever.a

      • a: Genesis 3:15 , Galatians 4:4–5 , Hebrews 13:8 , Revelation 13:8

      Link

      Article 7

      Christ, in the work of mediation, acteth according to both natures; by each nature doing that which is proper to itself;a yet, by reason of the unity of the person, that which is proper to one nature is sometimes, in Scripture, attributed to the person denominated by the other nature.b

      • a: Hebrews 9:14 , 1 Peter 3:18
      • b: John 3:13 , Acts 20:28 , 1 John 3:16

      Link

      Article 8

      To all those for whom Christ hath purchased redemption he doth certainly and effectually apply and communicate the same;a making intercession for them,b and revealing unto them, in and by the Word, the mysteries of salvation;c effectually persuading them by his Spirit to believe and obey; and governing their hearts by his Word and Spirit;d overcoming all their enemies by his almighty power and wisdom, in such manner and ways as are most consonant to his most wonderful and unsearchable dispensation.e

      • a: John 6:37 , John 6:39 , John 10:15–16
      • b: Romans 8:34 , 1 John 2:1–2
      • c: John 15:13 , John 15:15 , John 17:6 , Ephesians 1:7–9
      • d: John 14:16 , John 17:17 , Romans 8:9 , Romans 8:14 , Romans 15:18–19 , 2 Corinthians 4:13 , Hebrews 12:2
      • e: Psalm 110:1 , Malachi 4:2–3 , 1 Corinthians 15:25–26 , Colossians 2:15

      Link

      9. Of Free Will

      Article 1

      God hath endued the will of man with that natural liberty and power of acting upon choice, that is neither forced nor by any absolute necessity of nature determined to good or evil.a

      • a: Deuteronomy 30:19 , Matthew 17:12 , James 1:14

      Link

      Article 2

      Man, in his state of innocency, had freedom and power to will and to do that which is good and well-pleasing to God,a but yet mutably, so that he might fall from it.b

      • a: Genesis 1:26 , Ecclesiastes 7:29
      • b: Genesis 2:16–17 , Genesis 3:6

      Link

      Article 3

      Man, by his fall into a state of sin, hath wholly lost all ability of will to any spiritual good accompanying salvation;a so as a natural man, being altogether averse from that good,b and dead in sin,c is not able, by his own strength, to convert himself, or to prepare himself thereunto.d

      • a: John 15:5 , Romans 5:6 , Romans 8:7
      • b: Romans 3:10 , Romans 3:12
      • c: Ephesians 2:1 , Ephesians 2:5 , Colossians 2:13
      • d: John 6:44 , John 6:65 , 1 Corinthians 2:14 , Ephesians 2:2–5 , Titus 3:3–5

      Link

      Article 4

      When God converts a sinner, and translates him into the state of grace, he freeth him from his natural bondage under sin,a and by his grace alone enables him freely to will and to do that which is spiritually good;b yet so as that, by reason of his remaining corruption, he doth not perfectly, nor only, will that which is good, but doth also will that which is evil.c

      • a: John 8:34 , John 8:36 , Colossians 1:13
      • b: Romans 6:18 , Romans 6:22 , Philippians 2:13
      • c: Romans 7:15 , Romans 7:18–19 , Romans 7:21 , Romans 7:23 , Galatians 5:17

      Link

      Article 5

      The will of man is made perfectly and immutably free to good alone, in the state of glory only.a

      • a: Ephesians 4:13 , Hebrews 12:23 , 1 John 3:2 , Jude 24

      Link

      10. Of Effectual Calling

      Article 1

      All those whom God hath predestinated unto life, and those only, he is pleased, in his appointed and accepted time, effectually to call,a by his Word and Spirit,b out of that state of sin and death, in which they are by nature, to grace and salvation by Jesus Christ;c enlightening their minds, spiritually and savingly, to understand the things of God;d taking away their heart of stone, and giving unto them an heart of flesh;e renewing their wills, and by his almighty power determining them to that which is good,f and effectually drawing them to Jesus Christ;g yet so as they come most freely, being made willing by his grace.h

      • a: Romans 8:30 , Romans 11:7 , Ephesians 1:10–11
      • b: 2 Corinthians 3:3 , 2 Corinthians 3:6 , 2 Thessalonians 2:13–14
      • c: Romans 8:2 , Ephesians 2:1–5 , 2 Timothy 1:9–10
      • d: Acts 26:18 , 1 Corinthians 2:10 , 1 Corinthians 2:12 , Ephesians 1:17–18
      • e: Ezekiel 36:26
      • f: Deuteronomy 30:6 , Ezekiel 11:19 , Ezekiel 36:27 , Philippians 2:13
      • g: John 6:44–45 , Ephesians 1:19
      • h: Psalm 110:3 , Song of Solomon 1:4 , John 6:37 , Romans 6:16–18

      Link

      Article 2

      This effectual call is of God’s free and special grace alone, not from anything at all foreseen in man;a who is altogether passive therein, until, being quickened and renewed by the Holy Spirit,b he is thereby enabled to answer this call, and to embrace the grace offered and conveyed in it.c

      • a: Romans 9:11 , Ephesians 2:4–5 , Ephesians 2:8–9 , 2 Timothy 1:9 , Titus 3:4–5
      • b: Romans 8:7 , 1 Corinthians 2:14 , Ephesians 2:5
      • c: Ezekiel 36:27 , John 5:25 , John 6:37

      Link

      Article 3

      Elect infants, dying in infancy, are regenerated and saved by Christ through the Spirit,a who worketh when, and where, and how he pleaseth.b So also are all other elect persons who are incapable of being outwardly called by the ministry of the Word.c

      • a: Luke 18:15–16 , John 3:3 , John 3:5 , Acts 2:38–39 , Romans 8:9 , 1 John 5:12
      • b: John 3:8
      • c: Acts 4:12 , 1 John 5:12

      Link

      Article 4

      Others, not elected, although they may be called by the ministry of the Word,a and may have some common operations of the Spirit,b yet not being effectually drawn by the Father, they neither do nor can come unto Christ, and therefore cannot be saved:c much less can men, not professing the Christian religion, be saved in any other way whatsoever, be they never so diligent to frame their lives according to the light of nature and the law of that religion they do profess;d and to assert and maintain that they may is very pernicious, and to be detested.e

      • a: Matthew 22:14
      • b: Matthew 7:22 , Matthew 13:20–21 , Hebrews 6:4–5
      • c: John 6:64–66 , John 8:24
      • d: John 4:22 , John 14:6 , John 17:3 , Acts 4:12 , Ephesians 2:12
      • e: 1 Corinthians 16:22 , Galatians 1:6–8 , 2 John 9–11

      Link

      11. Of Justification

      Article 1

      Those whom God effectually calleth he also freely justifieth;a not by infusing righteousness into them, but by pardoning their sins, and by accounting and accepting their persons as righteous: not for anything wrought in them, or done by them, but for Christ’s sake alone; nor by imputing faith itself, the act of believing, or any other evangelical obedience to them, as their righteousness; but by imputing Christ’s active obedience to the whole law, and passive obedience in his death for their whole and sole righteousness,b they receiving and resting on him and his righteousness by faith; which faith they have not of themselves, it is the gift of God.c

      • a: Romans 3:24 , Romans 8:30
      • b: Jeremiah 23:6 , Romans 3:22 , Romans 3:24–25 , Romans 3:27–28 , Romans 4:5–8 , Romans 5:17–19 , 1 Corinthians 1:30–31 , 2 Corinthians 5:19 , 2 Corinthians 5:21 , Ephesians 1:7 , Titus 3:5 , Titus 3:7
      • c: Acts 10:44 , Acts 13:38–39 , Galatians 2:16 , Ephesians 2:7–8 , Philippians 3:9

      Link

      Article 2

      Faith, thus receiving and resting on Christ and his righteousness, is the alone instrument of justification;a yet is it not alone in the person justified, but is ever accompanied with all other saving graces, and is no dead faith, but worketh by love.b

      • a: John 1:12 , Romans 3:28 , Romans 5:1
      • b: Galatians 5:6 , James 2:17 , James 2:22 , James 2:26

      Link

      Article 3

      Christ, by his obedience and death, did fully discharge the debt of all those that are thus justified, and did by the sacrifice of himself, in the blood of his cross, undergoing in their stead the penalty due unto them make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to God’s justice in their behalf.a Yet inasmuch as he was given by the Father for them,b and his obedience and satisfaction accepted in their stead,c and both freely, not for anything in them, their justification is only of free grace;d that both the exact justice and rich grace of God might be glorified in the justification of sinners.e

      • a: Isaiah 53:4–6 , Isaiah 53:10–12 , Daniel 9:24 , Daniel 9:26 , Romans 5:8–10 , Romans 5:19 , 1 Timothy 2:5–6 , Hebrews 10:10 , Hebrews 10:14
      • b: Romans 8:32
      • c: Matthew 3:17 , 2 Corinthians 5:21 , Ephesians 5:2
      • d: Romans 3:24 , Ephesians 1:7
      • e: Romans 3:26 , Ephesians 2:7

      Link

      Article 4

      God did, from all eternity, decree to justify all the elect,a and Christ did, in the fulness of time, die for their sins, and rise again for their justification:b nevertheless, they are not justified personally until the Holy Spirit doth, in due time, actually apply Christ unto them.c

      • a: Romans 8:30 , Galatians 3:8 , 1 Peter 1:2 , 1 Peter 1:19–20
      • b: Romans 4:25 , Galatians 4:4 , 1 Timothy 2:6
      • c: Galatians 2:16 , Colossians 1:21–22 , Titus 3:4–7

      Link

      Article 5

      God doth continue to forgive the sins of those that are justified;a and although they can never fall from the state of justification,b yet they may by their sins fall under God’s fatherly displeasure, and not have the light of his countenance restored unto them, until they humble themselves, confess their sins, beg pardon, and renew their faith and repentance.c

      • a: Matthew 6:12 , 1 John 1:7 , 1 John 1:9 , 1 John 2:1–2
      • b: Luke 22:32 , John 10:28 , Hebrews 10:14
      • c: Psalm 32:5 , Psalm 51:7–12 , Psalm 89:31–33 , Matthew 26:75 , Luke 1:20 , 1 Corinthians 11:30 , 1 Corinthians 11:32

      Link

      Article 6

      The justification of believers under the Old Testament was, in all these respects, one and the same with the justification of believers under the New Testament.a

      • a: Romans 4:22–24 , Galatians 3:9 , Galatians 3:13–14 , Hebrews 13:8

      Link

      12. Of Adoption

      Article 1

      All those that are justified God vouchsafeth, in and for his only Son Jesus Christ, to make partakers of the grace of adoption;a by which they are taken into the number, and enjoy the liberties and privileges of the children of God;b have his name put upon them;c receive the Spirit of adoption;d have access to the throne of grace with boldness;e are enabled to cry, Abba, Father;f are pitied,g protected,h provided for,i and chastened by him as by a father;k yet never cast off,l but sealed to the day of redemption,m and inherit the promises,n as heirs of everlasting salvation.o

      • a: Galatians 4:4–5 , Ephesians 1:5
      • b: John 1:12 , Romans 8:17
      • c: Jeremiah 14:9 , 2 Corinthians 6:18 , Revelation 3:12
      • d: Romans 8:15
      • e: Romans 5:2 , Ephesians 3:12
      • f: Galatians 4:6
      • g: Psalm 103:13
      • h: Proverbs 14:26
      • i: Matthew 6:30 , Matthew 6:32 , 1 Peter 5:7
      • k: Hebrews 12:6
      • l: Lamentations 3:31
      • m: Ephesians 4:30
      • n: Hebrews 6:12
      • o: Hebrews 1:14 , 1 Peter 1:3–4

      Link

      13. Of Sanctification

      Article 1

      They that are united to Christ, effectually called and regenerated, having a new heart and a new spirit created in them, through the virtue of Christ’s death and resurrection, are also further sanctified really and personally through the same virtue, by his Word and Spirit dwelling in them;b the dominion of the whole body of sin is destroyed,c and the several lusts thereof are more and more weakened and mortified,d and they more and more quickened and strengthened, in all saving graces,e to the practice of true holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord.f

      • a: Acts 20:32 , Romans 6:5–6 , 1 Corinthians 6:11 , Philippians 3:10
      • b: John 17:17 , Ephesians 5:26 , 2 Thessalonians 2:13
      • c: Romans 6:6 , Romans 6:14
      • d: Romans 8:13 , Galatians 5:24
      • e: Ephesians 3:16–19 , Colossians 1:11
      • f: 2 Corinthians 7:1 , Hebrews 12:14

      Link

      Article 2

      This sanctification is throughout in the whole man,a yet imperfect in this life; there abideth still some remnants of corruption in every part,b whence ariseth a continual and irreconcilable war, the flesh lusting against the spirit, and the spirit against the flesh.c

      • a: 1 Thessalonians 5:23
      • b: Romans 7:18 , Romans 7:23 , Philippians 3:12 , 1 John 1:10
      • c: Galatians 5:17 , 1 Peter 2:11

      Link

      Article 3

      In which war, although the remaining corruption for a time may much prevail,a yet, through the continual supply of strength from the sanctifying Spirit of Christ, the regenerate part doth overcome;b and so the saints grow in grace,c perfecting holiness in the fear of God.d

      • a: Romans 7:23
      • b: Romans 6:14 , Ephesians 4:15–16 , 1 John 5:4
      • c: 2 Corinthians 3:18 , 2 Peter 3:18
      • d: 2 Corinthians 7:1

      Link

      14. Of Saving Faith

      Article 1

      The grace of faith, whereby the elect are enabled to believe to the saving of their souls,a is the work of the Spirit of Christ in their hearts,b and is ordinarily wrought by the ministry of the Word;c by which also, and by the administration of the seals, prayer, and other means it is increased and strengthened.d

      • a: Hebrews 10:39
      • b: Ephesians 1:17–19 , Ephesians 2:8 , 2 Corinthians 4:13
      • c: Romans 10:14 , Romans 10:17
      • d: Luke 17:5 , Acts 20:32 , Romans 1:16–17 , Romans 4:11 , 1 Peter 2:2

      Link

      Article 2

      By this faith a Christian believeth to be true whatsoever is revealed in the Word, for the authority of God himself speaking therein;a and acteth differently upon that which each particular passage thereof containeth; yielding obedience to the commands,b trembling at the threatenings,c and embracing the promises of God for this life and that which is to come.d But the principal acts of saving faith are accepting, receiving, and resting upon Christ alone for justification, sanctification, and eternal life, by virtue of the covenant of grace.e

      • a: John 4:42 , Acts 24:14 , 1 Thessalonians 2:13 , 1 John 5:10
      • b: Romans 16:26
      • c: Isaiah 66:2
      • d: 1 Timothy 4:8 , Hebrews 11:13
      • e: John 1:12 , Acts 15:11 , Acts 16:31 , Galatians 2:20

      Link

      Article 3

      This faith, althought it be different in degrees, and may be weak or strong;a yet it is in the least degree of it different in the kind or nature of it (as is all other saving grace) from the faith and common grace of temporary believers; and therefore, though it may be many times assailed and weakened, yet it gets the victory;b growing up in many to the attainment of a full assurance through Christ,c who is both the author and finisher of our faith.d

      • a: Matthew 6:30 , Matthew 8:10 , Romans 4:19–20 , Hebrews 5:13–14
      • b: Luke 22:31–32 , Ephesians 6:16 , 1 John 5:4–5
      • c: Colossians 2:2 , Hebrews 6:11–12 , Hebrews 10:22
      • d: Hebrews 12:2

      Link

      15. Of Repentance unto Life and Salvation

      Article 1

      Such of the elect as are converted at riper years, having sometime lived in the state of nature, and therein served divers lusts and pleasures, God in their effectual calling giveth them repentance unto life.

        Link

        Article 2

        Whereas there is none that doth good and sinneth not, and the best of men may, through the power and deceitfulness of their corruption dwelling in them, with the prevalency of temptation, fall into great sins and provocations; God hath, in the covenant of grace, mercifully provided that believers so sinning and falling be renewed through repentance unto salvation.

          Link

          Article 3

          This saving repentance is an evangelical grace, whereby a person, being by the Holy Spirit made sensible of the manifold evils of his sin, doth, by faith in Christ, humble himself for it with godly sorrow, detestation of it, and self-abhorrency, praying for pardon and strength of grace, with a purpose and endeavour, by supplies of the Spirit, to walk before God unto all well-pleasing in all things.

            Link

            Article 4

            As repentance is to be continued through the whole course of our lives, upon the account of the body of death, and the motions thereof, so it is every man’s duty to repent of his particular known sins particularly.

              Link

              Article 5

              Such is the provision which God hath made through Christ in the covenant of grace for the preservation of believers unto salvation; that although there is no sin so small but it deserves damnation; yet there is no sin so great that it shall bring damnation on them that repent; which makes the constant preaching of repentance necessary.

                Link

                16. Of Good Works

                Article 1

                Good works are only such as God hath commanded in his holy Word,a and not such as, without the warrant thereof, are devised by men out of blind zeal, or upon any pretense of good intention.b

                • a: Micah 6:8 , Romans 12:2 , Hebrews 13:21
                • b: 1 Samuel 15:21–23 , Isaiah 29:13 , Matthew 15:9 , John 16:2 , Romans 10:2 , 1 Peter 1:18

                Link

                Article 2

                These good works, done in obedience to God’s commandments, are the fruits and evidences of a true and lively faith;a and by them believers manifest their thankfulness,b strengthen their assurance,c edify their brethren,d adorn the profession of the gospel,e stop the mouths of the adversaries,f and glorify God,g whose workmanship they are, created in Christ Jesus thereunto,h that, having their fruit unto holiness, they may have the end, eternal life.i

                • a: James 2:18 , James 2:22
                • b: Psalm 116:12–13 , 1 Peter 2:9
                • c: 2 Peter 1:5–10 , 1 John 2:3 , 1 John 2:5
                • d: Matthew 5:16 , 2 Corinthians 9:2
                • e: 1 Timothy 6:1 , Titus 2:5 , Titus 2:9–12
                • f: 1 Peter 2:15
                • g: John 15:8 , Philippians 1:11 , 1 Peter 2:12
                • h: Ephesians 2:10
                • i: Romans 6:22

                Link

                Article 3

                Their ability to do good works is not at all of themselves, but wholly from the Spirit of Christ.a And that they may be enabled thereunto, besides the graces they have already received, there is required an actual influence of the same Holy Spirit to work in them to will and to do of his good pleasure;b yet are they not hereupon to grow negligent, as if they were not bound to perform any duty unless upon a special motion of the Spirit; but they ought to be diligent in stirring up the grace of God that is in them.c

                • a: Ezekiel 36:26–27 , John 15:4–6
                • b: Philippians 2:13 , Philippians 4:13 , 2 Corinthians 3:5
                • c: Isaiah 64:7 , Acts 26:6–7 , Philippians 2:12 , 2 Timothy 1:6 , Hebrews 6:11–12 , 2 Peter 1:3 , 2 Peter 1:5 , 2 Peter 1:10–11 , Jude 20–21

                Link

                Article 4

                They who in their obedience attain to the greatest height which is possible in this life, are so far from being able to supererogate and to do more than God requires, as that they fall short of much which in duty they are bound to do.a

                • a: Nehemiah 13:22 , Job 9:2–3 , Luke 17:10 , Galatians 5:17

                Link

                Article 5

                We cannot, by our best works, merit pardon of sin, or eternal life at the hand of God, by reason of the great disproportion that is between them and the glory to come, and the infinite distance that is between us and God, whom by them we can neither profit nor satisfy for the debt of our former sins;a but when we have done all we can, we have done but our duty, and are unprofitable servants;b and because, as they are good, they proceed from his Spirit;c and as they are wrought by us, they are defiled and mixed with so much weakness and imperfection that they cannot endure the severity of God’s judgment.d

                • a: Job 22:2–3 , Job 35:7–8 , Psalm 16:2 , Romans 3:20 , Romans 4:2 , Romans 4:4 , Romans 4:6 , Romans 8:18 , Ephesians 2:8–9 , Titus 3:5–7
                • b: Luke 17:10
                • c: Galatians 5:22–23
                • d: Psalm 130:3 , Psalm 143:2 , Isaiah 64:6 , Romans 7:15 , Romans 7:18 , Galatians 5:17

                Link

                Article 6

                Yet notwithstanding, the persons of believers being accepted through Christ, their good works also are accepted in him,a not as though they were in this life wholly unblamable and unreprovable in God’s sight;b but that he, looking upon them in his Son, is pleased to accept and reward that which is sincere, although accompanied with many weaknesses and imperfections.c

                • a: Genesis 4:4 , Hebrews 11:4 , Exodus 28:38 , Ephesians 1:6 , 1 Peter 2:5
                • b: Job 9:20 , Psalm 143:2
                • c: Matthew 25:21 , Matthew 25:23 , 2 Corinthians 8:12 , Hebrews 6:10 , Hebrews 13:20–21

                Link

                Article 7

                Works done by unregenerate men, although for the matter of them they may be things which God commands, and of good use both to themselves and others;a yet because they proceed not from a heart purified by faith,b nor are done in a right manner, according to the Word,c nor to a right end, the glory of God;d they are therefore sinful, and cannot please God, or make a man meet to receive grace from God.e And yet their neglect of them is more sinful and displeasing unto God.f

                • a: 1 Kings 21:27 , 1 Kings 21:29 , 2 Kings 10:30–31 , Philippians 1:15–16 , Philippians 1:18
                • b: Genesis 4:3–5 , Hebrews 11:4 , Hebrews 11:6
                • c: Isaiah 1:12 , 1 Corinthians 13:3
                • d: Matthew 6:2 , Matthew 6:5 , Matthew 6:16
                • e: Amos 5:21–22 , Hosea 1:4 , Haggai 2:14 , Romans 9:16 , Titus 1:15 , Titus 3:5
                • f: Job 21:14–15 , Psalm 14:4 , Psalm 36:3 , Matthew 23:23 , Matthew 25:41–45

                Link

                17. Of the Perseverance of the Saints

                Article 1

                They whom God hath accepted in his Beloved, effectually called and sanctified by his Spirit, can neither totally nor finally fall away from the state of grace; but shall certainly persevere therein to the end, and be eternally saved.a

                • a: John 10:28–29 , Philippians 1:6 , 1 Peter 1:5 , 1 Peter 1:9 , 2 Peter 1:10 , 1 John 3:9

                Link

                Article 2

                This perseverance of the saints depends, not upon their own free will, but upon the immutability of the decree of election, flowing from the free and unchangeable love of God the Father;a upon the efficacy of the merit and intercession of Jesus Christ, and union with him; the oath of God;b the abiding of the Spirit and of the seed of God within them;c and the nature of the covenant of grace:d from all which ariseth also the certainty and infallibility thereof.e

                • a: Jeremiah 31:3 , 2 Timothy 2:18–19
                • b: Luke 22:32 , John 17:11 , John 17:24 , Hebrews 7:25 , Hebrews 9:12–15 , Hebrews 10:10 , Hebrews 10:14 , Hebrews 13:20–21 , Romans 8:33–39
                • c: John 14:16–17 , 1 John 2:27 , 1 John 3:9
                • d: Jeremiah 32:40
                • e: John 10:28 , 2 Thessalonians 3:3 , 1 John 2:19

                Link

                Article 3

                And though they may, through the temptations of Satan and of the world, the prevalency of corruption remaining in them, and the neglect of the means of their preservation, fall into grievous sins;a and for a time continue therein:b whereby they incur God’s displeasure,c and grieve his Holy Spirit;d come to have their graces and comforts impaired; have their hearts hardened,f and their consciences wounded;g hurt and scandalize others,h and bring temporal judgments upon themselves;i yet they are and shall be kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation.

                • a: Matthew 26:70 , Matthew 26:72 , Matthew 26:74
                • b: Psalm 51:14
                • c: 2 Samuel 11:27 , Isaiah 64:5 , Isaiah 64:7 , Isaiah 64:9
                • d: Ephesians 4:30
                • f: Isaiah 63:17 , Mark 6:52 , Mark 16:14
                • g: Psalm 32:3–4 , Psalm 51:8
                • h: 2 Samuel 12:14
                • i: Psalm 89:31–32 , 1 Corinthians 11:32

                Link

                18. Of the Assurance of Grace and Salvation

                Article 1

                Although temporary believers and other unregenerate men may vainly deceive themselves with false hopes and carnal presumptions of being in the favour of God and estate of salvation,a which hope of theirs shall perish:b yet such as truly believe in the Lord Jesus, and love him in sincerity, endeavoring to walk in all good conscience before him, may in this life be certainly assured that they are in a state of grace,c and may rejoice in the hope of the glory of God, which hope shall never make them ashamed.d

                • a: Deuteronomy 29:19 , Job 8:13–14 , Micah 3:11 , John 8:41
                • b: Matthew 7:22–23
                • c: 1 John 2:3 , 1 John 3:14 , 1 John 3:18–19 , 1 John 3:21 , 1 John 3:24 , 1 John 5:13
                • d: Romans 5:2 , Romans 5:5

                Link

                Article 2

                This certainty is not a bare conjectural and probable persuasion, grounded upon a fallible hope;a but an infallible assurance of faith, founded upon the divine truth of the promises of salvation,b the inward evidence of those graces unto which these promises are made,c the testimony of the Spirit of adoption witnessing with our spirits that we are the children of God:d which Spirit is the earnest of our inheritance, whereby we are sealed to the day of redemption.e

                • a: Hebrews 6:11 , Hebrews 6:19
                • b: Hebrews 6:17–18
                • c: 2 Corinthians 1:12 , 2 Peter 1:4–5 , 2 Peter 1:10–11 , 1 John 2:3 , 1 John 3:14
                • d: Romans 8:15–16
                • e: Ephesians 1:13–14 , Ephesians 4:30 , 2 Corinthians 1:21–22

                Link

                Article 3

                This infallible assurance doth not so belong to the essence of faith, but that a true believer may wait long, and conflict with many difficulties before he be partaker of it:a yet, being enabled by the Spirit to know the things which are freely given him of God, he may, without extraordinary revelation, in the right use of ordinary means, attain thereunto.b And therefore it is the duty of everyone to give all diligence to make his calling and election sure;c that thereby his heart may be enlarged in peace and joy in the Holy Ghost, in love and thankfulness to God, and in strength and cheerfulness in the duties of obedience,d the proper fruits of this assurance: so far is it from inclining men to looseness.e

                • a: Psalm 88 , Psalm 77:1–12 , Isaiah 50:10 , Mark 9:24 , 1 John 5:13
                • b: 1 Corinthians 2:12 , Ephesians 3:17–19 , Hebrews 6:11–12 , 1 John 4:13
                • c: 2 Peter 1:10
                • d: Romans 5:1–2 , Romans 5:5 , Romans 14:17 , Romans 15:13 , Ephesians 1:3–4 , Psalm 4:6–7 , Psalm 119:32
                • e: Psalm 130:4 , Romans 6:1–2 , Romans 8:1 , Romans 8:12 , 2 Corinthians 7:1 , Titus 2:11–12 , Titus 2:14 , 1 John 1:6–7 , 1 John 2:1–2 , 1 John 3:2–3

                Link

                Article 4

                True believers may have the assurance of their salvation divers ways shaken, diminished, and intermitted; as, by negligence in preserving of it; by falling into some special sin, which woundeth the conscience, and grieveth the Spirit; by some sudden or vehement temptation; by God’s withdrawing the light of his countenance, and suffering even such as fear him to walk in darkness and to have no light:a yet are they neither utterly destitute of that seed of God, and life of faith, that love of Christ and the brethren, that sincerity of heart and conscience of duty, out of which, by the operation of the Spirit, this assurance may in due time be revived,b and by the which, in the meantime, they are supported from utter despair.c

                • a: Psalm 31:22 , Psalm 51:8 , Psalm 51:12 , Psalm 51:14 , Psalm 77:1–10 , Psalm 88 , Song of Solomon 5:2–3 , Song of Solomon 5:6 , Isaiah 50:10 , Matthew 26:69–72 , Ephesians 4:30–31
                • b: Job 13:15 , Psalm 51:8 , Psalm 51:12 , Psalm 73:15 , Isaiah 50:10 , Luke 22:32 , 1 John 3:9
                • c: Psalm 22:1 , Psalm 88 , Isaiah 54:7–10 , Jeremiah 32:40 , Micah 7:7–9

                Link

                19. Of the Law of God

                Article 1

                God gave to Adam a law of universal obedience written in his heart, and a particular precept of not eating the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, as a covenant of works, by which he bound him and all his posterity to personal, entire, exact, and perpetual obedience; promised life upon the fulfilling, and threatened death upon the breach of it; and endued him with power and ability to keep it.a

                • a: Genesis 1:26–27 , Genesis 2:17 , Job 28:28 , Ecclesiastes 7:29 , Romans 2:14–15 , Romans 5:12 , Romans 5:19 , Romans 10:5 , Galatians 3:10 , Galatians 3:12

                Link

                Article 2

                This law, so written in the heart, continued to be a perfect rule of righteousness after the fall of man; and, was delivered by God upon mount Sinai in ten commandments, and written in two tables;a the four first commandments containing our duty towards God, and the other six our duty to man.b

                • a: Exodus 34:1 , Deuteronomy 5:32 , Deuteronomy 10:4 , Romans 13:8–9 , James 1:25 , James 2:8 , James 2:10–12
                • b: Matthew 22:37–40

                Link

                Article 3

                Beside this law, commonly called moral, God was pleased to give to the people of Israel ceremonial laws, containing several typical ordinances, partly of worship, prefiguring Christ, his graces, actions, sufferings, and benefits;a and partly holding forth divers instructions of moral duties.b All which ceremonial laws being appointed only to the time of reformation, are by Jesus Christ the true Messiah and only lawgiver, who was furnished with power from the Father for that end, abrogated and taken away.

                • a: Galatians 4:1–3 , Colossians 2:17 , Hebrews 9 , Hebrews 10:1
                • b: 1 Corinthians 5:7 , 2 Corinthians 6:17 , Jude 23

                Link

                Article 4

                To them also he gave sundry judicial laws, which expired together with the State of that people, not obliging any other, now by virtue of that institution, their general equity only being still of moral use.

                  Link

                  Article 5

                  The moral law doth forever bind all, as well justified persons as others, to the obedience thereof;a and that not only in regard of the matter contained in it, but also in respect of the authority of God the Creator who gave it.b Neither doth Christ in the gospel any way dissolve, but much strengthen, this obligation.c

                  • a: Romans 13:8–10 , Ephesians 6:2 , 1 John 2:3–4 , 1 John 2:7–8
                  • b: James 2:10–11
                  • c: Matthew 5:17–19 , Romans 3:31 , James 2:8

                  Link

                  Article 6

                  Although true believers be not under the law as a covenant of works, to be thereby justified or condemned;a yet is it of great use to them, as well as to others; in that, as a rule of life, informing them of the will of God and their duty, it directs and binds them to walk accordingly;b discovering also the sinful pollutions of their nature, hearts, and lives;c so as, examining themselves thereby, they may come to further conviction of, humiliation for, and hatred against sin;d together with a clearer sight of the need they have of Christ, and the perfection of his obedience.e It is likewise of use to the regenerate, to restrain their corruptions, in that it forbids sin;f and the threatenings of it serve to show what even their sins deserve, and what afflictions in this life they may expect for them, although freed from the curse thereof threatened in the law.g The promises of it, in like manner, show them God’s approbation of obedience, and what blessings they may expect upon the performance thereof;h although not as due to them by the law as a covenant of works:i so as a man’s doing good, and refraining from evil, because the law encourageth to the one, and deterreth from the other, is no evidence of his being under the law, and not under grace.k

                  • a: Acts 13:39 , Romans 6:14 , Romans 8:1 , Galatians 2:16 , Galatians 3:13 , Galatians 4:4–5
                  • b: Psalm 119:4–6 , Romans 7:12 , Romans 7:22 , Romans 7:25 , 1 Corinthians 7:19 , Galatians 5:14 , Galatians 5:16 , Galatians 5:18–23
                  • c: Romans 3:20 , Romans 7:7
                  • d: Romans 7:9 , Romans 7:14 , Romans 7:24 , James 1:23–25
                  • e: Romans 7:24–25 , Romans 8:3–4 , Galatians 3:24
                  • f: Psalm 119:101 , Psalm 119:104 , Psalm 119:128 , James 2:11
                  • g: Ezra 9:13–14 , Psalm 89:30–34
                  • h: Leviticus 26:1 , Leviticus 26:10 , Leviticus 26:14 , 2 Corinthians 6:16 , Psalm 19:11 , Psalm 37:11 , Matthew 5:5 , Ephesians 6:2–3
                  • i: Luke 17:10 , Galatians 2:16
                  • k: Romans 6:12 , Romans 6:14 , Hebrews 12:28–29 , 1 Peter 3:8–12 , Psalm 34:12–16

                  Link

                  Article 7

                  Neither are the forementioned uses of the law contrary to the grace of the gospel, but do sweetly comply with it:a the Spirit of Christ subduing and enabling the will of man to do that freely and cheerfully which the will of God, revealed in the law, required to be done.b

                  • a: Galatians 3:21
                  • b: Ezekiel 36:27 , Hebrews 8:10 , Jeremiah 31:33

                  Link

                  20. Of the Gospel and the Extent of Grace Thereof

                  Article 1

                  The covenant of works being broken by sin, and made unprofitable unto life, God was pleased to give unto the elect the promise of Christ, the seed of the woman, as the means of calling them, and begetting in them faith and repentance: in this promise the gospel, as to the substance of it, was revealed, and was therein effectual for the conversion and salvation of sinners.

                    Link

                    Article 2

                    This promise of Christ, and salvation by him, is revealed only in and by the Word of God; neither do the works of creation or providence, with the light of nature, make discovery of Christ, or of grace by him, so much as in a general or obscure way; much less that men destitute of the revelation of him by the promise or gospel, should be enabled thereby to attain saving faith or repentance.

                      Link

                      Article 3

                      The revelation of the gospel unto sinners, made in divers times, and by sundry parts, with the addition of promises and precepts for the obedience required therein, as to the nations and persons to whom it is granted, is merely of the sovereign will and good pleasure of God, not being annexed by virtue of any promise to the due improvement of men’s natural abilities, by virtue of common light received without it, which none ever did make or can so do. And therefore in all ages the preaching of the gospel hath been granted unto persons and nations, as to the extent or straitening of it, in great variety, according to the counsel of the will of God.

                        Link

                        Article 4

                        Although the gospel be the only outward means of revealing Christ and saving grace, and is as such abundantly sufficient thereunto; yet that men who are dead in trespasses, may be born again, quickened or regenerated, there is moreover necessary an effectual, irresistible work of the Holy Ghost upon the whole soul, for the producing in them a new spiritual life, without which no other means are sufficient for their conversion unto God.

                          Link

                          21. Of Christian Liberty, and Liberty of Conscience

                          Article 1

                          The liberty which Christ hath purchased for believers under the gospel consists in their freedom from the guilt of sin, the condemning wrath of God, the rigor and the curse of the law;a and in their being delivered from this present evil world, bondage to Satan, and dominion of sin,b from the evil of afflictions, the fear and sting of death, the victory of the grave, and everlasting damnation;c as also in their free access to God,d and their yielding obedience unto him, not out of slavish fear, but a child-like love and willing mind.e All which were common also to believers under the law for the substance of them;f but under the New Testament the liberty of Christians is further enlarged in their freedom from the yoke of the ceremonial law, the whole legal administration of the covenant of grace, to which the Jewish Church was subjected;g and in greater boldness of access to the throne of grace,h and in fuller communications of the free Spirit of God, than believers under the law did ordinarily partake of.i

                          • a: Galatians 3:13 , 1 Thessalonians 1:10 , Titus 2:14
                          • b: Acts 26:18 , Romans 6:14 , Galatians 1:4 , Colossians 1:13
                          • c: Psalm 119:71 , Romans 8:1 , Romans 8:28 , 1 Corinthians 15:54–57
                          • d: Romans 5:1–2
                          • e: Romans 8:14–15 , 1 John 4:18
                          • f: Galatians 3:9 , Galatians 3:14
                          • g: Acts 15:10–11 , Galatians 4:1–3 , Galatians 4:6–7 , Galatians 5:1
                          • h: Hebrews 4:14 , Hebrews 4:16 , Hebrews 10:19–22
                          • i: John 7:38–39 , 2 Corinthians 3:13 , 2 Corinthians 3:17–18

                          Link

                          Article 2

                          God alone is Lord of the conscience,a and hath left it free from the doctrines and commandments of men which are in anything contrary to his Word, not contained in it; so that to believe such doctrines, or to obey such commands out of conscience, is to betray true liberty of conscience;c and the requiring of an implicit faith, and an absolute and blind obedience, is to destroy liberty of conscience, and reason also.d

                          • a: Romans 14:4 , James 4:12
                          • c: Psalm 5:1 , Galatians 1:10 , Galatians 2:4–5 , Galatians 5:1 , Colossians 2:20–23
                          • d: Isaiah 8:20 , Jeremiah 8:9 , Hosea 5:11 , John 4:22 , Acts 17:11 , Romans 10:17 , Romans 14:23 , Revelation 13:12 , Revelation 13:16–17

                          Link

                          Article 3

                          They who, upon pretense of Christian liberty, do practice any sin, or cherish any lust, as they do thereby pervert the main design of the grace of the gospel to their own destruction; so they wholly destroy the end of Christian liberty; which is, that, being delivered out of the hands of our enemies, we might serve the Lord without fear, in holiness and righteousness before him, all the days of our life.a

                          • a: Luke 1:74–75 , John 8:34 , Galatians 5:13 , 1 Peter 2:16 , 2 Peter 2:19

                          Link

                          22. Of Religious Worship and the Sabbath Day

                          Article 1

                          The light of nature showeth that there is a God, who hath lordship and sovereignty over all; is just, good, and doth good unto all; and is therefore to be feared, loved, praised, called upon, trusted in, and served with all the heart, and with all the soul, and with all the might.a But the acceptable way of worshipping the true God is instituted by himself, and so limited to his own revealed will, that he may not be worshipped according to the imaginations and devices of men, or the suggestions of Satan, under any visible representations or any other way not prescribed in the Holy Scripture.b

                          • a: Joshua 24:14 , Psalm 18:3 , Psalm 31:23 , Psalm 62:8 , Psalm 119:68 , Jeremiah 10:7 , Mark 12:33 , Acts 17:24 , Romans 1:20 , Romans 10:12
                          • b: Exodus 20:4–6 , Deuteronomy 4:15–20 , Deuteronomy 12:32 , Matthew 4:9–10 , Matthew 15:9 , Acts 17:25 , Colossians 2:23

                          Link

                          Article 2

                          Religious worship is to be given to God, the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost; and to him alone:a not to angels, saints, or any other creature:b and since the fall, not without a Mediator; nor in the mediation of any other but of Christ alone.c

                          • a: Matthew 4:10 , John 5:23 , 2 Corinthians 13:14
                          • b: Romans 1:25 , Colossians 2:18 , Revelation 19:10
                          • c: John 14:6 , Ephesians 2:18 , Colossians 3:17 , 1 Timothy 2:5

                          Link

                          Article 3

                          Prayer with thanksgiving, being one special part of natural worship,a is by God required of all men;b but that it may be accepted, it is to be made in the name of the Son,c by the help of his Spirit,d according to his will,e with understanding, reverence, humility, fervency, faith, love, and perseverance;f and, when with others, in a known tongue.g

                          • a: Philippians 4:6
                          • b: Psalm 65:2
                          • c: John 14:13–14 , 1 Peter 2:5
                          • d: Romans 8:26
                          • e: 1 John 5:14
                          • f: Genesis 18:27 , Psalm 47:7 , Ecclesiastes 5:1–2 , Matthew 6:12 , Matthew 6:14–15 , Mark 11:24 , Ephesians 6:18 , Colossians 4:2 , Hebrews 12:28 , James 1:6–7 , James 5:16
                          • g: 1 Corinthians 14:14

                          Link

                          Article 4

                          Prayer is to be made for things lawful,a and for all sorts of men living, or that shall live hereafter;b but not for the dead,c nor for those of whom it may be known that they have sinned the sin unto death.d

                          • a: 1 John 5:14
                          • b: Ruth 4:12 , 2 Samuel 7:29 , John 17:20 , 1 Timothy 2:1–2
                          • c: 2 Samuel 12:21–23 , Luke 16:25–26 , Revelation 14:13
                          • d: 1 John 5:16

                          Link

                          Article 5

                          The reading of the Scriptures, preaching, and hearing the Word of God, singing of psalms; as also the administration of baptism and the Lord’s Supper, are all parts of religious worship of God, to be performed in obedience unto God with understanding, faith, reverence, and godly fear. Solemn humiliations, with fastings and thanksgivings upon special occasions, are in their several times and seasons to be used in a holy and religious manner.

                            Link

                            Article 6

                            Neither prayer, nor any other part of religious worship, is now, under the gospel, either tied unto, or made more acceptable by any place in which it is performed, or towards which it is directed:a but God is to be worshipped everywhereb in spirit and truth;c as in private familiesd daily,e and in secret each one by himself,f so more solemnly in the public assemblies, which are not carelessly or willfully to be neglected or forsaken, when God, by his Word or providence, calleth thereunto.g

                            • a: John 4:21
                            • b: Malachi 1:11 , 1 Timothy 2:8
                            • c: John 4:23–24
                            • d: Deuteronomy 6:6–7 , 2 Samuel 6:18 , 2 Samuel 6:20 , Job 1:5 , Jeremiah 10:25 , Acts 10:2 , 1 Peter 3:7
                            • e: Matthew 6:11
                            • f: Matthew 6:6 , Ephesians 6:18
                            • g: Isaiah 56:6–7 , Proverbs 1:20–21 , Proverbs 1:24 , Proverbs 8:34 , Luke 4:16 , Acts 2:42 , Acts 13:42 , Hebrews 10:25

                            Link

                            Article 7

                            As it is of the law of nature that, in general, a due proportion of time by God’s appointment be set apart for the worship of God; so, by his Word, in a positive, moral, and perpetual commandment, binding all men in all ages, he hath particularly appointed one day in seven for a Sabbath, to be kept holy unto him:a which, from the beginning of the world to the resurrection of Christ, was the last day of the week; and, from the resurrection of Christ, was changed into the first day of the week,b which in Scripture is called the Lord’s day,c and is to be continued to the end of the world, as the Christian Sabbath,d the observation of the last day of the week being abolished.

                            • a: Exodus 20:8 , Exodus 20:10–11 , Isaiah 56:2 , Isaiah 56:4 , Isaiah 56:6–7
                            • b: Genesis 2:2–3 , Acts 20:7 , 1 Corinthians 16:1–2
                            • c: Revelation 1:10
                            • d: Exodus 20:8 , Exodus 20:10 , Matthew 5:17–18

                            Link

                            Article 8

                            This Sabbath is then kept holy unto the Lord, when men, after a due preparing of their hearts, and ordering of their common affairs beforehand, do not only observe an holy rest all the day from their own works, words, and thoughts, about their worldly employments and recreations;a but also are taken up the whole time in the public and private exercises of his worship, and in the duties of necessity and mercy.b

                            • a: Exodus 20:8 , Exodus 16:23 , Exodus 16:25–26 , Exodus 16:29–30 , Exodus 31:15–17 , Isaiah 58:13 , Nehemiah 13:15–22
                            • b: Isaiah 58:13 , Matthew 12:1–13

                            Link

                            23. Of Lawful Oaths and Vows

                            Article 1

                            A lawful oath is a part of religious worship,a wherein the person swearing in truth, righteousness and judgment, solemnly calleth God to witness what he asserteth or promiseth; and to judge him according to the truth or falsehood of what he sweareth.b

                            • a: Deuteronomy 10:20
                            • b: Exodus 20:7 , Leviticus 19:12 , 2 Chronicles 6:22–23 , 2 Corinthians 1:23

                            Link

                            Article 2

                            The name of God only is that by which men ought to swear, and therein it is to be used with all holy fear and reverence;a therefore to swear vainly or rashly by that glorious and dreadful name, or to swear at all by any other thing, is sinful, and to be abhorred.b Yet as, in matters of weight and moment, an oath is warranted by the Word of God, under the New Testament, as well as under the Old,c so a lawful oath, being imposed by lawful authority, in such matters ought to be taken.d

                            • a: Deuteronomy 6:13
                            • b: Exodus 20:7 , Jeremiah 5:7 , Matthew 5:34 , Matthew 5:37 , James 5:12
                            • c: Isaiah 65:16 , 2 Corinthians 1:23 , Hebrews 6:16
                            • d: 1 Kings 8:31 , Ezra 10:25 , Nehemiah 13:25

                            Link

                            Article 3

                            Whosoever taketh an oath, warranted by the Word of God, ought duly to consider the weightiness of so solemn an act, and therein to avouch nothing but what he is fully persuaded is the truth.a Neither may any man bind himself by oath to anything but what is good and just, and what he believeth so to be, and what he is able and resolved to perform.b Yet it is a sin to refuse an oath touching anything that is good and just, being imposed by lawful authority.c

                            • a: Exodus 20:7 , Jeremiah 4:2
                            • b: Genesis 24:2–3 , Genesis 24:5–6 , Genesis 24:8–9
                            • c: Exodus 22:7–11 , Numbers 5:19 , Numbers 5:21 , Nehemiah 5:12

                            Link

                            Article 4

                            An oath is to be taken in the plain and common sense of the words, without equivocation or mental reservation.a It cannot oblige to sin; but in anything not sinful, being taken, it binds to performance, although to a man’s own hurt:b nor is it to be violated, although made to heretics or infidels.c

                            • a: Psalm 24:4 , Jeremiah 4:2
                            • b: 1 Samuel 25:22 , 1 Samuel 25:32–34 , Psalm 15:4
                            • c: Ezekiel 17:16 , Ezekiel 17:18–19 , Joshua 9:18–19 , 2 Samuel 21:1

                            Link

                            Article 5

                            A vow which is of the like nature with a promissory oath, and ought to be made with the like religious care, and to be performed with the like faithfulness.a

                            • a: Isaiah 19:21 , Psalm 61:8 , Psalm 66:13–14 , Ecclesiastes 5:4–6

                            Link

                            Article 6

                            Popish monastical vows of perpetual single life, professed poverty, and regular obedience, are so far from being degrees of higher perfection, that they are superstitious and sinful snares, in which no Christian may entangle himself.

                              Link

                              24. Of the Civil Magistrate

                              Article 1

                              God, the Supreme Lord and King of all the world, hath ordained civil magistrates to be under him, over the people, for his own glory and the public good, and to this end hath armed them with the power of the sword, for the defense and encouragement of them that do good, and for the punishment of evil-doers.a

                              • a: Romans 13:1–4 , 1 Peter 2:13–14

                              Link

                              Article 2

                              It is lawful for Christians to accept and execute the office of a magistrate when called thereunto;a in the management whereof, as they ought especially to maintain piety, justice, and peace, according to the wholesome laws of each commonwealth,b so, for that end, they may lawfully, now under the New Testament, wage war upon just and necessary occasion.c

                              • a: Proverbs 8:15–16 , Romans 13:1–2 , Romans 13:4
                              • b: 2 Samuel 23:3 , Psalm 2:10–12 , Psalm 82:3–4 , 1 Timothy 2:2 , 1 Peter 2:13
                              • c: Matthew 8:9–10 , Luke 3:14 , Acts 10:1–2 , Romans 13:4 , Revelation 17:14 , Revelation 17:16

                              Link

                              Article 3

                              Although the magistrate is bound to encourage, promote, and protect the professors and profession of the gospel, and to manage and order civil administrations in a due subserviency to the interest of Christ in the world, and to that end to take care that men of corrupt minds and conversations do not licentiously publish and divulge blasphemy and errors, in their own nature subverting the faith and inevitably destroying the souls of them that receive them: yet in such differences about the doctrines of the gospel, or ways of the worship of God, as may befall men exercising a good conscience, manifesting it in their conversation, and holding the foundation, not disturbing others in their ways or worship that differ from them; there is no warrant for the magistrate under the gospel to abridge them of their liberty.

                                Link

                                Article 4

                                It is the duty of people to pray for magistrates,a to honor their persons,b to pay them tribute and other dues,c to obey their lawful commands, and to be subject to their authority, for conscience’ sake.d Infidelity or difference in religion doth not make void the magistrate’s just and legal authority, nor free the people from their due obedience to him:e from which ecclesiastical persons are not exempted;f much less hath the Pope any power or jurisdiction over them in their dominions, or over any of their people; and least of all to deprive them of their dominions or lives, if he shall judge them to be heretics, or upon any other pretense whatsoever.g

                                • a: 1 Timothy 2:1–2
                                • b: 1 Peter 2:17
                                • c: Romans 13:6–7
                                • d: Romans 13:5 , Titus 1:3
                                • e: 1 Peter 2:13–14 , 1 Peter 2:16
                                • f: 1 Kings 2:35 , Acts 25:9–11 , Romans 13:1 , 2 Peter 2:1 , 2 Peter 2:10–11 , Jude 8–11
                                • g: 2 Thessalonians 2:4 , Revelation 13:15–17

                                Link

                                25. Of Marriage

                                Article 1

                                Marriage is to be between one man and one woman: neither is it lawful for any man to have more than one wife, nor for any woman to have more than one husband at the same time.a

                                • a: Genesis 2:24 , Proverbs 2:17 , Matthew 19:5–6

                                Link

                                Article 2

                                Marriage was ordained for the mutual help of husband and wife;a for the increase of mankind with a legitimate issue, and of the Church with an holy seed;b and for preventing of uncleanness.c

                                • a: Genesis 2:18
                                • b: Malachi 2:15
                                • c: 1 Corinthians 7:2 , 1 Corinthians 7:9

                                Link

                                Article 3

                                It is lawful for all sorts of people to marry who are able with judgment to give their consent.a Yet it is the duty of Christians to marry only in the Lord.b And therefore, such as profess the true reformed religion should not marry with infidels, Papists, or other idolaters: neither should such as are godly be unequally yoked, by marrying with such as are notoriously wicked in their life, or maintain damnable heresies.c

                                • a: Genesis 24:57–58 , 1 Corinthians 7:36–38 , Hebrews 13:4 , 1 Timothy 4:3
                                • b: 1 Corinthians 7:39
                                • c: Genesis 34:14 , Exodus 34:16 , Deuteronomy 7:3–4 , 1 Kings 11:4 , Nehemiah 13:25–27 , Malachi 2:11–12 , 2 Corinthians 6:14

                                Link

                                Article 4

                                Marriage ought not to be within the degrees of consanguinity or affinity forbidden in the Word;a nor can such incestuous marriages ever be made lawful by any law of man, or consent of parties, so as those persons may live together as man and wife.b The man may not marry any of his wife’s kindred nearer in blood than he may of his own, nor the woman of her husband’s kindred nearer in blood than of her own.c

                                • a: Leviticus 18 , Amos 2:7 , 1 Corinthians 5:1
                                • b: Leviticus 18:24–28 , Mark 6:18
                                • c: Leviticus 20:19–21

                                Link

                                26. Of the Church

                                Article 1

                                The catholic or universal Church, which is invisible, consists of the whole number of the elect, that have been, are, or shall be gathered into one, under Christ the head thereof; and is the spouse, the body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.a

                                • a: Ephesians 1:10 , Ephesians 1:22–23 , Ephesians 5:23 , Ephesians 5:27 , Ephesians 5:32 , Colossians 1:18

                                Link

                                Article 2

                                The whole body of men throughout the world, professing the faith of the gospel and obedience unto God by Christ according to it, not destroying their own profession by any errors everting the foundation, or unholiness of conversation, are, and may be called the visible catholic church of Christ; although as such it is not entrusted with the administration of any ordinances, or have any officers to rule or govern in, or over the whole body.

                                  Link

                                  Article 3

                                  The purest churches under heaven are subject both to mixture and error, and some have so degenerated as to become no churches of Christ, but synagogues of Satan: nevertheless Christ always hath had, and ever shall have, a visible kingdom in this world, to the end thereof, of such as believe in him, and make profession of his name.

                                    Link

                                    Article 4

                                    There is no other Head of the Church but the Lord Jesus Christ; nor can the Pope of Rome in any sense be head thereof; but is that antichrist, that man of sin, and son of perdition, that exalteth himself in the Church against Christ, and all that is called God, whom the Lord shall destroy with the brightness of his coming.

                                      Link

                                      Article 5

                                      As the Lord in his care and love towards his Church, hath in his infinite wise providence exercised it with great variety in all ages, for the good of them that love him, and his own glory; so according to his promise, we expect that in the latter days, antichrist being destroyed, the Jews called, and the adversaries of the kingdom of his dear Son broken, the churches of Christ being enlarged, and edified through a free and plentiful communication of light and grace, shall enjoy in this world a more quiet, peaceable and glorious condition than they have enjoyed.

                                        Link

                                        27. Of the Communion of Saints

                                        Article 1

                                        All saints that are united to Jesus Christ their head, by his Spirit and by faith, although they are not made thereby one person with him have fellowship with him in his graces, sufferings, death, resurrection, and glory:a and being united to one another in love, they have communion in each other’s gifts and graces,b and are obliged to the performance of such duties, public and private, as do conduce to their mutual good, both in the inward and outward man.c

                                        • a: John 1:16 , Romans 6:5–6 , Ephesians 2:5–6 , Ephesians 3:16–19 , Philippians 3:10 , 2 Timothy 2:12 , 1 John 1:3
                                        • b: 1 Corinthians 3:21–23 , 1 Corinthians 12:7 , Ephesians 4:15–16 , Colossians 2:19
                                        • c: Romans 1:11–12 , Romans 1:14 , Galatians 6:10 , 1 Thessalonians 5:11 , 1 Thessalonians 5:14 , 1 John 3:16–18

                                        Link

                                        Article 2

                                        All saints, by profession, are bound to maintain an holy fellowship and communion in the worship of God, and in performing such other spiritual services as tend to their mutual edification;a as also in relieving each other in outward things, according to their several abilities and necessities. Which communion, though especially to be exercised by them in the relations wherein they stand, whether in families or churches, yet as God offereth opportunity, is to be extended unto all those who, in every place, call upon the name of the Lord Jesus.b

                                        • a: Isaiah 2:3 , Acts 2:42 , Acts 2:46 , 1 Corinthians 11:20 , Hebrews 10:24–25
                                        • b: Acts 2:44–45 , Acts 11:29–30 , 2 Corinthians 8—9 , 1 John 3:17

                                        Link

                                        28. Of the Sacraments

                                        Article 1

                                        Sacraments are holy signs and seals of the covenant of grace,a immediately instituted by Christ,b to represent him and his benefits, and to confirm our interest in him:c and solemnly to engage us to the service of God in Christ, according to his Word.e

                                        • a: Genesis 17:7 , Genesis 17:10 , Romans 4:11
                                        • b: Matthew 28:19 , 1 Corinthians 11:23
                                        • c: 1 Corinthians 10:16 , 1 Corinthians 11:25–26 , Galatians 3:27
                                        • e: Romans 6:3–4 , 1 Corinthians 10:16 , 1 Corinthians 10:21

                                        Link

                                        Article 2

                                        There is in every sacrament a spiritual relation or sacramental union, between the sign and the thing signified; whence it comes to pass that the names and the effects of the one are attributed to the other.a

                                        • a: Genesis 17:10 , Matthew 26:27–28 , Titus 3:5

                                        Link

                                        Article 3

                                        The grace which is exhibited in or by the sacraments, rightly used, is not conferred by any power in them; neither doth the efficacy of a sacrament depend upon the piety or intention of him that doth administer it,a but upon the work of the Spirit,b and the word of institution, which contains, together with a precept authorizing the use thereof, a promise of benefit to worthy receivers.c

                                        • a: Romans 2:28–29 , 1 Peter 3:21
                                        • b: Matthew 3:11 , 1 Corinthians 12:13
                                        • c: Matthew 26:27–28

                                        Link

                                        Article 4

                                        There be only two sacraments ordained by Christ our Lord in the Gospel, that is to say, Baptism and the Lord’s Supper: neither of which may be dispensed by any but by a minister of the Word lawfully called.a

                                        • a: Matthew 28:19–20 , Matthew 28:19 , 1 Corinthians 4:1 , 1 Corinthians 11:20 , 1 Corinthians 11:23 , Hebrews 5:4

                                        Link

                                        Article 5

                                        The sacraments of the Old Testament, in regard of the spiritual things thereby signified and exhibited, were, for substance, the same with those of the New.a

                                        • a: 1 Corinthians 10:1–4

                                        Link

                                        29. Of Baptism

                                        Article 1

                                        Baptism is a sacrament of the New Testament, ordained by Jesus Christ,a to be unto the party baptised a sign and seal of the covenant of grace,c of his ingrafting into Christ,d of regeneration,e of remission of sins,f and of his giving up unto God, through Jesus Christ, to walk in newness of life:g which ordinance is, by Christ’s own appointment, to be continued in his Church until the end of the world.h

                                        • a: Matthew 28:19
                                        • c: Romans 4:11 , Colossians 2:11–12
                                        • d: Romans 6:5 , Galatians 3:27
                                        • e: Titus 3:5
                                        • f: Mark 1:4
                                        • g: Romans 6:3–4
                                        • h: Matthew 28:19–20

                                        Link

                                        Article 2

                                        The outward element to be used in this ordinance is water, wherewith the party is to be baptized in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, by a minister of the gospel lawfully called thereunto.a

                                        • a: Matthew 3:11 , Matthew 28:19–20 , John 1:33

                                        Link

                                        Article 3

                                        Dipping of the person into the water is not necessary; but baptism is rightly administered by pouring or sprinkling water upon the person.a

                                        • a: Mark 7:4 , Acts 2:41 , Acts 16:33 , Hebrews 9:10 , Hebrews 9:19–22

                                        Link

                                        Article 4

                                        Not only those that do actually profess faith in and obedience unto Christ,a but also the infants of one or both believing parents are to be baptized,b and those only.

                                        • a: Mark 16:15–16 , Acts 8:37–38
                                        • b: Genesis 17:7 , Genesis 17:9 , Galatians 3:9 , Galatians 3:14 , Colossians 2:11–12 , Acts 2:38–39 , Romans 4:11–12 , Matthew 28:19 , Mark 10:13–16 , Luke 18:15 , 1 Corinthians 7:14

                                        Link

                                        Article 5

                                        Although it be a great sin to contemn or neglect this ordinance,a yet grace and salvation are not so inseparably annexed unto it, as that no person can be regenerated or saved without it,b or that all that are baptized are undoubtedly regenerated.c

                                        • a: Luke 7:30 , Exodus 4:24–26
                                        • b: Acts 10:2 , Acts 10:4 , Acts 10:22 , Acts 10:31 , Acts 10:45 , Acts 10:47 , Romans 4:11
                                        • c: Acts 8:13 , Acts 8:23

                                        Link

                                        Article 6

                                        The efficacy of baptism is not tied to that moment of time wherein it is administered;a yet, notwithstanding, by the right use of this ordinance the grace promised is not only offered, but really exhibited and conferred by the Holy Ghost, to such (whether of age or infants) as that grace belongeth unto, according to the counsel of God’s own will, in his appointed time.b

                                        • a: John 3:5 , John 3:8
                                        • b: Acts 2:38 , Acts 2:41 , Galatians 3:27 , Ephesians 5:25–26 , Titus 3:5

                                        Link

                                        Article 7

                                        The sacrament of baptism is but once to be administered to any person.a

                                        • a: Titus 3:5

                                        Link

                                        30. Of the Lord's Supper

                                        Article 1

                                        Our Lord Jesus, in the night wherein he was betrayed, instituted the sacrament of his body and blood, called the Lord’s Supper, to be observed in his churches, to the end of the world; for the perpetual remembrance and showing forth of the sacrifice of himself in his death, the sealing of all benefits thereof unto true believers, their spiritual nourishment and growth in him, their further engagement in and to all duties which they owe unto him; and to be a bond and pledge of their communion with him, and with each other, as members of his mystical body.a

                                        • a: 1 Corinthians 10:16–17 , 1 Corinthians 10:21 , 1 Corinthians 11:23–26 , 1 Corinthians 12:13

                                        Link

                                        Article 2

                                        In this sacrament Christ is not offered up to his Father, nor any real sacrifice made at all for remission of sins of the quick or dead,a but only a memorial of that one offering up of himself, by himself, upon the cross, once for all, and a spiritual oblation of all possible praise unto God for the same;b so that the Popish sacrifice of the mass, as they call it, is most abominable, injurious to Christ’s own only sacrifice, the alone propitiation for all the sins of the elect.c

                                        • a: Hebrews 9:22 , Hebrews 9:25–26 , Hebrews 9:28
                                        • b: Matthew 26:26–27 , 1 Corinthians 11:24–26
                                        • c: Hebrews 7:23–24 , Hebrews 7:27 , Hebrews 10:11–12 , Hebrews 10:14 , Hebrews 10:18

                                        Link

                                        Article 3

                                        The Lord Jesus hath, in this ordinance, appointed his ministers to declare his word of institution to the people, to pray, and bless the elements of bread and wine, and thereby to set them apart from a common to an holy use; and to take and break the bread, to take the cup, and (they communicating also themselves) to give both to the communicants;a but to none who are not then present in the congregation.b

                                        • a: Matthew 26:26–28 , Mark 14:22–24 , Luke 22:19–20 , 1 Corinthians 11:23–27
                                        • b: Acts 20:7 , 1 Corinthians 11:20

                                        Link

                                        Article 4

                                        Private masses, or receiving this sacrament by a priest, or any other, alone;a as likewise the denial of the cup to the people;b worshipping the elements, the lifting them up, or carrying them about for adoration, and the reserving them for any pretended religious use, are all contrary to the nature of this sacrament, and to the institution of Christ.c

                                        • a: 1 Corinthians 10:6
                                        • b: Mark 4:23 , 1 Corinthians 11:25–29
                                        • c: Matthew 15:9

                                        Link

                                        Article 5

                                        The outward elements in this sacrament, duly set apart to the uses ordained by Christ, have such relation to him crucified, as that truly, yet sacramentally only, they are sometimes called by the name of the things they represent, to wit, the body and blood of Christ;a albeit, in substance and nature, they still remain truly, and only, bread and wine, as they were before.b

                                        • a: Matthew 26:26–28
                                        • b: Matthew 26:29 , 1 Corinthians 11:26–28

                                        Link

                                        Article 6

                                        That doctrine which maintains a change of the substance of bread and wine, into the substance of Christ’s body and blood (commonly called transubstantiation) by consecration of a priest, or by any other way, is repugnant, not to Scripture alone, but even to common sense and reason; overthroweth the nature of the sacrament; and hath been, and is the cause of manifold superstitions, yea, of gross idolatries.a

                                        • a: Luke 24:6 , Luke 24:39 , Acts 3:21 , 1 Corinthians 11:24–26

                                        Link

                                        Article 7

                                        Worthy receivers, outwardly partaking of the visible elements in this sacrament,a do then also inwardly by faith, really and indeed, yet not carnally and corporally, but spiritually, receive and feed upon Christ crucified, and all benefits of his death: the body and blood of Christ being then not corporally or carnally in, with, or under the bread and wine; yet as really, but spiritually, present to the faith of believers in that ordinance, as the elements themselves are, to their outward senses.b

                                        • a: 1 Corinthians 11:28
                                        • b: 1 Corinthians 10:16

                                        Link

                                        Article 8

                                        All ignorant and ungodly persons, as they are unfit to enjoy communion with Christ, so are they unworthy of the Lord’s table, and cannot without great sin against him, while they remain such, partake of these holy mysteries, or be admitted thereunto; yea, whosoever shall receive unworthily, are guilty of the body and blood of the Lord, eating and drinking judgment to themselves.

                                          Link

                                          31. Of the State of Men after Death, and of the Resurrection of the Dead

                                          Article 1

                                          The bodies of men, after death, return to dust, and see corruption;a but their souls (which neither die nor sleep), having an immortal subsistence,b immediately return to God who gave them. The souls of the righteous, being then made perfect in holiness, are received into the highest heavens, where they behold the face of God in light and glory, waiting for the full redemption of their bodies:c and the souls of the wicked are cast into hell, where they remain in torment and utter darkness, reserved to the judgment of the great day.d Besides these two places for souls separated from their bodies, the Scripture acknowledgeth none.

                                          • a: Genesis 3:19 , Acts 13:36
                                          • b: Ecclesiastes 12:7 , Luke 23:43
                                          • c: Philippians 1:23 , Acts 3:21 , Ephesians 4:10 , 2 Corinthians 5:1 , 2 Corinthians 5:6 , 2 Corinthians 5:8 , Hebrews 12:23
                                          • d: Luke 16:23–24 , Acts 1:25 , 1 Peter 3:19 , Jude 6–7

                                          Link

                                          Article 2

                                          At the last day, such as are found alive shall not die, but be changed;a and all the dead shall be raised up with the self-same bodies, and none other, although with different qualities, which shall be united again to their souls forever.b

                                          • a: 1 Corinthians 15:51–52 , 1 Thessalonians 4:17
                                          • b: Job 19:26–27 , 1 Corinthians 15:42–44

                                          Link

                                          Article 3

                                          The bodies of the unjust shall, by the power of Christ, be raised to dishonor; the bodies of the just, by his Spirit, unto honor, and be made conformable to his own glorious body.a

                                          • a: John 5:28–29 , Acts 24:15 , 1 Corinthians 15:42 , Philippians 3:21

                                          Link

                                          32. Of the Last Judgment

                                          Article 1

                                          God hath appointed a day wherein he will judge the world in righteousness by Jesus Christ,a to whom all power and judgment is given of the Father.b In which day, not only the apostate angels shall be judged,c but likewise all persons, that have lived upon earth, shall appear before the tribunal of Christ, to give an account of their thoughts, words, and deeds; and to receive according to what they have done in the body, whether good or evil.d

                                          • a: Acts 17:31
                                          • b: John 5:22
                                          • c: 1 Corinthians 6:3 , 2 Peter 2:4 , Jude 6
                                          • d: Ecclesiastes 12:14 , Matthew 12:36–37 , Romans 2:16 , Romans 14:10 , Romans 14:12 , 2 Corinthians 5:12

                                          Link

                                          Article 2

                                          The end of God’s appointing this day, is for the manifestation of the glory of his mercy in the eternal salvation of the elect;a and of his justice in the damnation of the reprobate, who are wicked and disobedient.b For then shall the righteous go into everlasting life, and receive that fulness of joy glory, with everlasting reward in the presence of the Lord:c but the wicked, who know not God, and obey not the gospel of Jesus Christ, shall be cast into eternal torments, and be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power.d

                                          • a: Matthew 25:21 , Romans 9:23
                                          • b: Romans 2:5–6 , Romans 9:22 , 2 Thessalonians 1:7–8
                                          • c: Matthew 25:31–24 , Acts 3:19 , 2 Thessalonians 1:7
                                          • d: Matthew 25:41 , Matthew 25:46 , 2 Thessalonians 1:9

                                          Link

                                          Article 3

                                          As Christ would have us to be certainly persuaded that there shall be a day of judgment, both to deter all men from sin, and for the greater consolation of the godly in their adversity:a so will he have that day unknown to men, that they may shake off all carnal security, and be always watchful, because they know not at what hour the Lord will come; and may be ever prepared to say, Come, Lord Jesus, come quickly. Amen.b

                                          • a: Luke 21:27–28 , Romans 8:23–25 , 2 Corinthians 5:10–11 , 2 Thessalonians 1:5–7 , 2 Peter 3:11 , 2 Peter 3:14
                                          • b: Matthew 24:36 , Matthew 24:42–44 , Mark 13:35–37 , Luke 12:35–36 , Revelation 22:20

                                          Link